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«Jomo Kwame Sundaram Vikas Rawal Michael T. Clark Tulika Books Published by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Viale delle ...»

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The ICN2 Rome Declaration on Nutrition recommends the United Nations General Assembly to endorse the commitments as well as the policy options provided in the FFA for implementation. Endorsement by the UNGA ensures high-level political commitment to address nutrition challenges across sectors, and the involvement of a wide range of UN agencies, programmes and funds, as well as other international and regional organizations, in achieving the commitments of the Rome Declaration on Nutrition and supporting implementation of actions recommended in the FFA within their respective mandates. Engagement of the UNGA will also facilitate more direct input and links to the development and implementation of the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals.

Time Frame for Implementation of the FFA The actions recommended by the FFA will be implemented over a ten-year time frame (2016–2025), in line with the Rome Declaration on Nutrition.

Accountability Mechanisms Effective mechanisms for accountability are essential for ensuring that the commitments of the Rome Declaration on Nutrition are followed through, to track progress being made, and to enable people to hold duty bearers, policymakers and institutions accountable.

²⁵ There have been several initiatives led by FAO, WHO, the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) and the Codex Alimentarius Commission. http://www.fao.org/ag/againfo/ home/en/news_archive/2011_04_amr.html http://www.who.int/foodsafety/areas_work/ antimicrobial-resistance/en/ http://www.oie.int/for-the-media/amr/ Code of Practice to Minimize and Contain Antimicrobial Resistance, CAC/RCP 61- 2005, http:// www.codexalimentarius.org/download/standards/10213/CXP_061e.pdf; Guidelines for Risk Analysis of Foodborne Antimicrobial Resistance, CAC/GL 77-2011, http://www.

codexalimentarius.org/download/standards/11776/CXG_077e.pdf 154 Ending Malnutrition

ICN2: Framework for Action

The FFA sets out the following three recommended actions to ensure

accountability (Recommendations 58–60):

• Recommendation 58: National governments are encouraged to establish nutrition targets and intermediate milestones, consistent with the timeframe for implementation (2016–2025), as well as global nutrition and noncommunicable disease targets established by the World Health Assembly. They are invited to include – in their national monitoring frameworks – agreed international indicators for nutrition outcomes (to track progress in achieving national targets), nutrition programme implementation (including coverage of interventions) and the nutrition policy environment (including institutional arrangements, capacities and investments in nutrition). Monitoring should be conducted, to the fullest possible extent, through existing mechanisms.

• Recommendation 59: Reports on implementation of the commitments of the Rome Declaration on Nutrition will be compiled jointly by FAO and WHO, in close collaboration with other United Nations agencies, funds and programmes and other relevant regional and international organizations, as appropriate, based on country self-assessments as well as information available through other monitoring and accountability mechanisms (e.g.

Scaling Up Nutrition self-assessment reports, reports to the FAO Conference and the World Health Assembly, and the Global Nutrition Report).

• Recommendation 60: The governing bodies of FAO and WHO, and other relevant international organizations are requested to consider the inclusion of reports on the overall follow-up to ICN2 on the agendas of the regular FAO and WHO governing body meetings, including FAO regional conferences and WHO regional committee meetings, possibly on a biennial basis. The Directors-General of FAO and WHO are also requested to transmit such reports to the United Nations General Assembly as appropriate.

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