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«THE COLOMBIAN AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS SYSTEM, UNDER A NEW CONCEPTUALIZATION Sergio Enrique Acosta Moreno Leader of Agricultural Statistics Jaime ...»

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A methodology has not been developed in Colombia, are the census neighborhood, this is a permanent generation of municipal level indicators (and even veredal) where farmers in their respective areas of work record information from farming, under an institutional, technical, spatial and temporal defined by the parties, (agricultural producers and the system administrator at the municipal level), these arrangements usually require information in both directions flow. This alternative statistical research is very cheap but requires a very high level of statistical culture.

Figure No. 4. Statistical research methodologies Agricultural Statistical System.

Source: DANE, SEA

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satellite images (K, Okamoto and M. Fukuhara, 1995), digital photogrammetry, and geographic information systems allow efficient structuring and operationalization of the agricultural statistical system from the municipal level. The abovementioned developments and research are specified in the construction of unique

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national framework for agricultural and geo environmental basic instrument for the integrity, harmonization of indicators in the National Statistical System.

6. INTEGRATION OF REGIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS

The SEA for long term should consider national statistics and territorial statistics, which seek complementarity in generating indicators on the three levels and the efficiency of the system as a single unit. One of the alternatives methodology to structure the system is from of the Third National Agricultural Census or surveys by product, in the latter case, the would be also by product. The –SEA- with solution to the territorial level excellent municipal base is part of the solution to the demand for information on other political and administrative level users and consumers of agricultural information.

The Indicators and methodologies can be supplemented from the municipality to the national level and national level to the municipality. There will be indicators generated from national level quarterly, semiannual, annual, triennial, quinquennial and other indicators will be generated from the municipal level and aggregated to the departmental and national levels biannual and annual within the context of efficiency and completeness of product agricultural. The realization of the above model can work with the guilds agricultural production for long term, starting with participation in the III CNA, with cost efficiencies of field operatives and socialization and internalization of research at the farming populations in the country. Also integrating the guilds in the later generation of statistics would facilitate the taking of information, the production of unique indicators and overall system efficiency. An example of the above and that DANE is jointly developing with FEDEARROZ is the generation of territorial indicators at municipal area production and yield of rice machining (II National Census of Rice - 1999 and III National Census of Rice -2007) and then structured three methods of statistical research for the production of some conjunctural indicators on a monthly, semiannual and other area, production and performance, partial censuses, administrative record level of 15 irrigation districts, and sampling of items (information at the department and department group) as follows. Based on the indicators generated during one decade of research is underway production forecasts using time series methods

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7. NATIONAL STATISTICAL SYSTEM –SEN AND THE REGIONAL AGRICULTURAL

STATISTICS

According to DANE, the National Statistical System-SEN is: "The organizational structure and inclusive of all statistical activities carried out by sectoral and regional public institutions of the state or private agents of the latter, whose product, strategic statistical information shows the situation and interdependence of economic, environmental, demographic and social, as well as its relationship to the physical and territorial space (Garcia 1999:9). The Dane is responsible for the regulation and coordination of the system through policies, rules, tools and standards to the production of strategic statistical information quality, timeliness, comparability, relevance and a harmonized. The SEN is part of a universe that contains statistical information (environmental, social and economic) and non-statistical. Also SEN to ensure current, relevant and territorial, have instruments such as the National Strategy for Statistical Development (ENDE), National Strategic Plan for Statistics (Pendes) Accelerated Data Program (PAD); information maps sectoral; Statistical Information System to Support Territorial (SIEAT) standardization of methodologies, best practices for statistical development; reports Regional Economic situation (ICER), ensuring of quality information statistical strategic, nomenclatures and classifications. DANE has developed and made available to the general public the methodology of This is a starting point that contains the techniques, procedures and tools for developing statistical plans, as well as basic guidelines for the constitution andterritorial systematization of statistical information, under the National Statistical System (SEN).Strategic Territorial Planning Statistics (PEET). Complementary to the above DANE has been constructed Statistical Information System to Support TerritorialSIEAT, created to provide relevant and strategic spatial information which will help for the design, monitoring and evaluation of programs and policies to be implemented in a geographical determined. The system's objective is to provide information within the territory to support the decision making processes of planning, implementation and evaluation of territorial and national administrations. The result is a statistical information system with information from various entities of national and territorial levels.





 Database of indicators and metadata from the municipal, departmental and national.

 Periodic information, indicators and metadata from different statistical operations.

 It is currently developing the query module, whose structure includes 5 thematic areas, 16 subjects including agriculture and 33 subtopics.

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It is recognized that the production of territorial agricultural statistics is very limited, has been mixed, diverse, non-integrated and comes from different sources, where it has privileged the national, regional and municipal level marginalized.

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However today the territorial agriculture and forest statistics in Colombia have advanced a conceptual framework (SEN, ENDE, PENDES, SIEAT, AGRONET, SIPSA, FEDECAFESICA, AUGURA-BANATURA, CENICAÑA -AEPS, FEDEARROZ, FEDEPALMA-SISPA, FEDEPANELA-SIPA FEDEGAN-SINIGAN) where takes into account the current development of DANE, MADR, the agricultural production guilds, departments and municipalities, likewise the recommendations of the FAO, USDA, EUROSTAT, OCDE.

Also today have large conceptual advances and information technology (database systems advanced, scalable, network consultation systems, mobile systemscapture, web capturesystems, GIS, digital photogrammetry, imag e satellite and Aerial photographic) and agreement to advance in the right direction, as has been raising the Agricultural and Rural Statistical System-SEA DANE. In this context, the SEA requires technical leadership, institutional consensus between producers and users, role differentiation and gradual development and assertive in all its parts (institutions, norms and standards, methodologies, regulations, administrative and financial). Always keep in mind that Colombia faces an international environment increasingly complex, competitive and interdependent that became a reality with the signing of free trade, TLC. Also the environment in agriculture is more important against the global phenomenon of climate change and the SEA in this context, becomes a strategic competitive factor.

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