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«Naturalization Test Pilot Civics Questions November 30, 2006 Civics (History and Government) Pilot Naturalization Test Questions AMERICAN GOVERNMENT: ...»

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Naturalization Test

Pilot Civics Questions

November 30, 2006

Civics (History and Government) Pilot Naturalization Test Questions


A: Principles of American Democracy

1. Name one important idea found in the Declaration of Independence.

A: People are born with natural rights.

A: The power of government comes from the people.

A: The people can change their government if it hurts their natural rights.

A: All people are created equal.

2. What is the supreme law of the land?

A: The Constitution

3. What does the Constitution do?

A: It sets up the government.

A: It protects basic rights of Americans.

4. What does “We the People” mean in the Constitution?

A: The power of government comes from the people.

5. What do we call changes to the Constitution?

A: Amendments

6. What is an amendment?

A: It is a change to the Constitution.

7. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

A: The Bill of Rights

8. Name one right or freedom from the First Amendment.

A: Speech A: Religion A: Assembly A: Press A: Petition the government

9. How many amendments does the Constitution have?

A: Twenty-seven (27)

10. What did the Declaration of Independence do?

A: Announce the independence of the United States from Great Britain A: Say that the U.S. is free from Great Britain

11. What does freedom of religion mean?

A: You can practice any religion you want, or not practice at all.

http://www.uscis.gov 2

12. What type of economic system does the U.S. have?

A: Capitalist economy A: Free market A: Market economy B: System of Government

13. What are the three branches or parts of the government?

A: Executive, legislative, and judicial A: Congress, the President, the courts

14. Name one branch or part of the government.

A: Congress A: Legislative A: President A: Executive A: The courts A: Judicial

15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?

A: The President

16. Who makes federal laws?

A: Congress A: The Senate and House (of Representatives) A: The (U.S. or national) legislature

17. What are the two parts of the United States Congress?

A: The Senate and House (of Representatives)

18. How many United States Senators are there?

A: 100

19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

A: Six (6)

20. Name your state’s two U.S. Senators.

A: Answers will vary. [For District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories, the answer is that DC (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.]

21. How many U.S. Senators does each state have?

A: Two (2)

22. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

A: 435

23. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

A: Two (2)

–  –  –

25. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

A: All citizens in that Senator’s state

26. Who does a U.S. Representative represent?

A: All citizens in that Representative’s district (each state is divided into districts)

27. What decides each state’s number of U.S. Representatives?

A: The state’s population

28. How is each state’s number of Representatives decided?

A: The state’s population

29. Why do we have three branches of government?

A: So no branch is too powerful

30. Name one example of checks and balances.

A: The President vetoes a bill.

A: Congress can confirm or not confirm a President’s nomination.

A: Congress approves the President’s budget.

A: The Supreme Court strikes down a law.

31. We elect a President for how many years?

A: Four (4) years

32. How old must a President be?

A: Thirty-five (35) or older A: At least thirty-five (35) A: More than thirty-five (35)

33. The President must be born in what country?

A: The United States A: America

34. Who is the President now?

A: [Current president] (as of November 20, 2006, George W. Bush)

35. What is the name of the President of the United States?

A: [Current president] (as of November 20, 2006, George W. Bush) A: (President) George W. Bush A: George Bush A: Bush

36. Who is the Vice President now?

A: [Current vice president] (as of November 20, 2006- Richard (Dick) Cheney) A: Dick Cheney A: Cheney

–  –  –

38. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

A: The Vice President

39. Who becomes President if both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve?

A: The Speaker of the House

40. Who is the Commander-in-Chief of the military?

A: The President

41. How many full terms can a President serve?

A: Two (2)

42. Who signs bills to become laws?

A: The President

43. Who vetoes bills?

A: The President

44. What is a veto?

A: The President refuses to sign a bill passed by Congress.

A: The President says no to a bill.

A: The President rejects a bill.

45. What does the President’s Cabinet do?

A: Advises the President

46. Name two Cabinet-level positions.

A: Secretary of Agriculture A: Secretary of Commerce A: Secretary of Defense A: Secretary of Education A: Secretary of Energy A: Secretary of Health and Human Services A: Secretary of Homeland Security A: Secretary of Housing and Urban Development A: Secretary of Interior A: Secretary of State A: Secretary of Transportation A: Secretary of Treasury A: Secretary of Veterans’ Affairs A: Attorney General

47. What Cabinet-level agency advises the President on foreign policy?

A: The State Department

–  –  –

49. Who confirms Supreme Court justices?

A: The Senate

50. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States?

A: John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)

51. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

A: Nine (9)

52. Who nominates justices to the Supreme Court?

A: The President

53. Name one thing only the federal government can do.

A: Print money A: Declare war A: Create an army A: Make treaties

54. What is one thing only a state government can do?

A: Provide schooling and education A: Provide protection (police) A: Provide safety (fire departments) A: Give a driver’s license A: Approve zoning and land use

55. What does it mean that the U.S. Constitution is a constitution of limited powers?

A: The federal government has only the powers that the Constitution states that it has.

A: The states have all powers that the federal government does not.

56. Who is the Governor of your state?

A: Answers will vary.

[District of Columbia and U.S. Territory residents would answer that they do not have a state governor or that they do not live in a state. Mentioning the governor of the territory for Guam is acceptable. Any answer that mentions one of these facts is acceptable.]

57. What is the capital (or capital city) of your state?

A: Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents would answer that DC is not a state, and that therefore it does not have a capital. Any answer that mentions one of these facts is acceptable.]

58. What are the two major political parties in the U.S. today?

A: Democrats and Republicans

59. What is the highest court in the U.S.?

A: The Supreme Court

–  –  –

61. What is the political party of the majority in the Senate now?

A: Democrats A: Democratic Party

62. What is the political party of the President now?

A: Republicans A: Republican Party

63. Who is the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

A: Nancy Pelosi

64. Who is the Senate Majority Leader now?

A: Harry Reid

65. In what month are elections held in the United States?

A: November

66. What is the current minimum wage in the U.S.?

A: $5.15

67. When must all males register for the Selective Service?

A: At age 18 A: At 18

68. Who is the Secretary of State now?

A: Dr. Condoleezza Rice A: Condoleezza Rice A: Dr. Rice

69. Who is the Attorney General now?

A: Alberto Gonzales

70. Is the current President in his first or second term?

A: Second C: Rule of Law

71. What is self-government?

A: Powers come from the people.

A: Government responds to the people.

72. Who governs the people in a self-governed country?

A: The people govern themselves.

A: The government elected by the people.

–  –  –

74. What are “inalienable rights”?

A: Individual rights that people are born with D: Rights and Responsibilities

75. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.

A: Any citizen over 18 can vote.

A: A citizen of any race can vote.

A: Any male or female citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.) A: You don’t have to pay to vote. (You don’t have to pay a poll tax to vote.)

76. Name one responsibility that is only for United States citizens.

A: Vote A: Serve on a jury

77. Name two rights that are only for United States citizens.

A: The right to apply for a federal job A: The right to vote A: The right to run for office

78. Name two rights of everyone living in the U.S.

A: Freedom of expression A: Freedom of speech A: Freedom of assembly A: Freedom to petition the government A: Freedom of worship A: The right to bear arms

79. What is the Pledge of Allegiance?

A: The promise of loyalty to the flag and the nation

80. Name one promise you make when you say the Oath of Allegiance.

A: To give up loyalty to other countries (I give up loyalty to my [old][first][other] country.) A: To defend the Constitution and laws of the United States A: To obey the laws of the United States A: To serve in the United States military if needed (To fight for the United States [if needed].) A: To serve the nation if needed (To do important work for the United States [if needed].) A: To be loyal to the United States

81. Who can vote in the U.S.?

A: All citizens over 18 A: All registered citizens over 18

82. Name two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy.

A: Vote A: Join a political party

–  –  –

83. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?

A: By April 15th of every year A: By April 15th A: April 15

84. Name two of the natural, or inalienable, rights in the Declaration of Independence.

A: Life A: Liberty A: The pursuit of happiness

–  –  –

A: Colonial and Independence

85. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

A: Thomas Jefferson

86. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

A: July 4, 1776

87. Name one reason why the colonists came to America?

A: Freedom A: Political liberty A: Religious freedom A: Economic opportunity A: To practice their religion A: To escape persecution

88. What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

A: The Constitution was written.

A: The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.

89. Why did the colonists fight the British?

A: They had to pay high taxes but did not have any say about it. (Taxation without representation.) A: The British army stayed in their houses. (boarding, quartering) A: The British denied the colonists self-government.

90. When was the Constitution drafted?

A: 1787

–  –  –

92. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?

A: Africans A: People from Africa

93. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?

A: The Native Americans A: American Indians

94. Where did most of America’s colonists come from before the Revolution?

A: Europe

95. Why were the colonists upset with the British government?

A: Stamp Act A: They had to pay high taxes but did not have any say about it. (Taxation without representation.) A: The British army stayed in their houses. (boarding, quartering) A: Intolerable Acts

96. Name one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for.

A: U.S. diplomat A: Oldest member of the Constitutional Convention A: First Postmaster General of the United States A: Writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”

97. Name one famous battle from the Revolutionary War.

A: Lexington and Concord A: Trenton A: Princeton A: Saratoga A: Cowpens A: Yorktown A: Bunker Hill

98. Who is called the “Father of Our Country”?

A: George Washington

99. Who was the first President?

A: George Washington

100. Name one of the writers of the Federalist Papers?

A: James Madison A: Alexander Hamilton A: John Jay

101. What group of essays supported passage of the U.S. Constitution?

A: The Federalist Papers

–  –  –

B: 1800s

103. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

A: War of 1812, Mexican American War, Civil War, or Spanish-American War.

104. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

A: The Louisiana Territory A: Louisiana

105. What country sold the Louisiana Territory to the United States?

A: France

106. In 1803, the United States bought a large amount of land from France. Where was that land?

A: West of the Mississippi A: The Western U.S.

A: The Louisiana Territory

107. Name one of the things that Abraham Lincoln did.

A: Saved (or preserved) the Union.

A: Freed the slaves A: Led the U.S. during the Civil War.

108. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.

A: The Civil War

109. Name one problem that led to the Civil War.

A: Slavery A: Economic reasons A: States’ rights

110. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

A: Freed slaves in the Confederacy A: Freed slaves in the Confederate states A: Freed slaves in most Southern states

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