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The new standard requires lessors to account for leases using an approach that is substantially equivalent to existing guidance for sales-type leases, direct financing leases and operating leases. The standard is effective January 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The standard is to be applied using a modified retrospective transition method. We are in the process of determining the effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which simplifies several aspects of the accounting for employee share-based payment transactions, including the accounting for income taxes, forfeitures, and statutory tax withholding requirements, as well as classification on the statement of cash flows. For public companies, the new guidance is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods within those periods) beginning after December 15, 2016, with early adoption permitted. We are in the process of evaluating the impact of adoption of this guidance on our financial statements.
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the consolidated financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the Company as of March 31, 2015 and 2016, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years ended March 31, 2014, 2015 and 2016, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also, in our opinion, the financial statement schedule for each of the years ended March 31, 2014, 2015 and 2016, when considered in relation to the basic consolidated financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein. Also, in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2016, based on criteria established in the Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).
/s/ HASKELL & WHITE LLP Irvine, California June 10, 2016
Note A — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies Organization: CorVel Corporation (“CorVel” or “the Company”), incorporated in Delaware in 1987, provides services and programs nationwide that are designed to enable insurance carriers, third party administrators and employers with self-insured programs to administer, manage and control the cost of workers’ compensation and other healthcare benefits. The Company provides case management, claims administration, and medical bill review services to these payors.
The Company evaluated all subsequent events or transactions through the date of this filing. During the period subsequent to March 31, 2016, through the date of filing this report, the Company repurchased 26,555 shares of common stock for $1.1 million or an average of $42.71 per share. These shares were repurchased under the Company’s ongoing share repurchase program described in Note G.
Basis of Presentation: The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of CorVel and its whollyowned subsidiaries. Significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to fiscal 2016 presentation. These changes had no impact on previously reported results of operations or shareholders’ equity.
Use of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements in compliance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the accompanying financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates include the values assigned to intangible assets, capitalized software development, the allowance for doubtful accounts, accrual for income taxes, share-based payments related to performance based awards, loss contingencies, estimated claims for claims administration revenue recognition, estimates used in stock options valuations, and accrual for self-insurance reserves.
Cash and Cash Equivalents: Cash and cash equivalents consist of short-term, interest-bearing highly-liquid investment-grade securities with maturities of 90 days or less when purchased. The carrying amounts of the Company’s financial instruments approximate their fair values at March 31, 2015 and 2016 due to the short-term nature of those instruments. Customer deposits represent cash that is expected to be returned or applied towards payment within one year through the Company’s provider reimbursement services.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments: The Company applies ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and provides for disclosures about fair value measurements with respect to fair value measurements of (a) nonfinancial assets and liabilities that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements on a recurring basis (at least annually) and (b) all financial assets and liabilities. ASC 820 prioritizes the inputs used in
measuring fair value into the following hierarchy:
Level 1 Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;
Level 2 Observable inputs other than those included in Level 1 (for example, quoted prices for similar assets in active markets or quoted prices for identical assets in inactive markets); and Level 3 Unobservable inputs reflecting management’s own assumptions about the inputs used in estimating the value of the asset.
The carrying amount of the Company’s financial instruments (i.e. cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, etc.) are all Level 1 and approximate their fair values at March 31, 2015 and 2016 due to the short-term nature of those instruments. The Company has no Level 2 or Level 3 assets.
Note A — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued) Investment in Private Equity: During the quarter ended June 30, 2014, the Company’s Board of Director’s approved an investment of $2,000,000 into a private equity limited partnership (the “partnership”) that invests in start-up companies. The Company invested $1,400,000 into the partnership during the fiscal year ended March 31, 2015 and the remaining $600,000 was invested during the quarter ended June 30, 2015. The Company accounts for the investment on the cost method and will periodically review the investment for possible impairment. There was no impairment recorded on investment for fiscal year ended March 31, 2016. The investment is recorded in other assets on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Management has not identified events or changes in circumstances that may have a significant adverse effect on the fair value of the investment, and in accordance with ASC 825-10-50-16 through 50-19, it is not practicable to estimate the fair value of the investment.
Revenue Recognition: The Company recognizes revenue when there is persuasive evidence of an arrangement, the services have been provided to the customer, the sales price is fixed or determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured. For the Company’s services, as the Company’s professional staff performs work, they are contractually permitted to bill for fees earned in fraction of an hour increments worked or by units of production. The Company recognizes revenue as the time is worked or as units of production are completed, which is when the revenue is earned and realized. Labor costs are recognized as the costs are incurred. The Company derives the majority of its revenue from the sale of Network Solutions and Patient Management services. Network Solutions and Patient Management services may be sold individually or combined with any of the services the Company provides. When a sale combines multiple elements, the Company accounts for multiple element arrangements in accordance with the guidance included in ASC 605-25.
Management evaluates agreements with customers in accordance with the provision of the revenue recognition topic that addresses multiple-deliverable revenue arrangements. The multiple-deliverable arrangements entered into consist of bundled managed care which included various units of accounting such as network solutions, and patient management which includes claims administration. Such elements are considered separate units of accounting due to each element having value to the customer on a stand-alone basis. The selling price for each unit of accounting is determined using contract price and management estimates. When the Company’s customers purchase several products the pricing of the products sold is generally the same as if the product were sold on an individual basis. Revenue is recognized as the work is performed in accordance with our customer contracts. Based upon the nature of the Company’s products, bundled managed care elements are generally delivered in the same accounting period. The Company recognizes revenue for patient management claims administration services over the life of the claim. The Company estimates, based upon prior experience in managing claims, the deferral amount from when the claim is received to when the customer contract expires.