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«Item type Thesis or dissertation Authors Davis, Nicolas Citation Davis, N., Schaffner, C. M., & Smith, T. E. (2005). Evidence that zoo visitors ...»

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(2005). The effect of new alpha males on female stress in free-ranging baboons. Animal Behaviour, 69, 1211-1221.

Beehner, J. C., Nguyen, N., Wango, E. O., Alberts, S. C., & Altmann, J. (2006). The endocrinology of pregnancy and fetal loss in wild baboons. Hormones and

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Behringer, V., Clauß, W., Hachenburger, K., Kuchar, A., Mostl, E., & Selzer, D.

(2009). Effect of giving birth on the cortisol level in a bonobo groups’ (Pan paniscus) saliva. Primates, on line.

Bercovitch, F. B., Sladky, K. K., Roy, M. M., & Goy, R. W. (1987). Intersexual aggression and male sexual activity in captive rhesus macaques. Aggressive Behavior, 13(6), 347-358.

Bernstein, I. S. (1991). Social housing of monkeys and apes: group formations.

Laboratory Animal Science, 41, 329-333.

Bernstein, I. S. (2007). Social mechanisms in the control of primate aggression. In C.

J. Campbell, A. F. Fuentes, K. C. MacKinnon, M. Panger & S. Bearder (Eds.), Primates in Perspective (pp. 562-570). New York: Oxford University

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Bernstein, I. S., Williams, L., & Ramsay, M. (1983). The expression of aggression in Old World monkeys. International Journal of Primatology, 4(2), 113-125.

Birke, L. (2002). Effects of browse, human visitors and noise on the behaviour of captive orang-utans. Animal Welfare, 11(2), 189–202.

Blaney, E. C., & Wells, D. L. (2004). The influence of a camouflage net barrier on the behaviour, welfare, and public perceptions of zoo-housed gorillas. Animal Welfare, 13(2), 111-118.

Bloomsmith, M. A., & Lambeth, S. P. (1995). Effects of predictable versus unpredictable feeding schedules on chimpanzee behaviour. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 44(1), 65-74.

Boccia, M. L., Laudenslager, M. L., & Reite, M. L. (1995). Individual differences in

macaques’ responses to stressors based on social and physiological factors:

Implications for primate welfare and research outcomes. Laboratory Animals, 29, 250–257.

Boehm, C. (1992). Segmentary 'warfare' and the management of conflict:

comparison of East African chimpanzees and patrilineal-patrilocal humans. In A. H. Harcourt & F. B. M. de Waal (Eds.), Coalitions and alliances in humans and other animals. (pp. 137-173). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Boinski, S., Swing, S. P., Gross, T. S., & Davis, J. K. (1999). Environmental enrichment of brown capuchins (Cebus apella): Behavioural and plasma and faecal cortisol measures of effectiveness. American Journal of Primatology, 48(1), 49-68.

Boissy, A., Arnould, C., Chaillou, E., Désiré, L., Duvaux-Ponter, C., Greiveldinger, L., et al. (2007). Emotions and cognition: a new approach to animal welfare.

Animal Welfare, 16(S 1), 37-43.

Boissy, A., Manteuffel, G., Jensen, M. B., Moe, R. O., Spruijt, B., Keeling, L. J., et al. (2007). Assessment of positive emotions in animals to improve their welfare. Physiology & Behavior, 92, 375–397.

Botreau, R., Veissier, I., Butterworth, A., Bracke, M. B. M., & Keeling, L. J. (2007).

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Boubli, J. P., Di Fiore, A., Stevenson, P., Link, A., Marsh, L., & Morales, A. L.

(2008). Ateles belzebuth.. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

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Brambell, F. W. R. (1965). Report of technical committee to enquire into the welfare of animals kept under intensive husbandry systems. (No. Cmnd. 2836).

London: HM stationary office.

Brent, L. Y., Kessel, A. L., & Barrera, H. (1997). Evaluation of introduction procedures in captive chimpanzees. Zoo Biology, 16(4), 335-342.

Broom, D. M. (1986). Indicators of poor welfare. British Veterinary Journal, 142, 524-526.

Broom, D. M. (1991). Animal welfare: Concepts and measurement. Journal of Animal Science, 69, 4167-4175.

Broom, D. M. (1999). Animal Welfare: the concept of the issues. In F. L. Dollins (Ed.), Attitudes to Animals (pp. 129-142). Cambridge: Cambridge University

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Broom, D. M. (2007). Quality of life means welfare: how is it related to other concepts and assessed? Animal Welfare, 16(S 1), 45-53.

Broom, D. M., & Johnson, K. G. (1993). Stress and Animal Welfare. London:

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Broom, D. M., & Zanella, A. J. (2004). Brain measures which tell us about animal behaviour. Animal Welfare, 13(S 1), 41-45.

Buchanan-Smith, H., Anderson, D. A., & Ryan, C. W. (1993). Responses of cottontopped tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) to faecal scents of predators and nonpredators. Animal Welfare, 2(1), 17-32.

Buchanan, K. L., & Goldsmith, A. R. (2004). Non-invasive endocrine data for behavioural studies: the importance of validation. Animal Behaviour, 67(1), 183–185.

Burtis, C. A., & Ashwood, E. R. (2001). Tietz fundamentals of clinical chemistry.

(Fifth ed.). Philadelphia: P.A.W.B. Saunders Company.

Campbell, C. J. (2003). Female-directed aggression in free-ranging Ateles geoffroyi.





International Journal of Primatology, 24(2), 223-237.

Campbell, C. J. (2004). Patterns of behaviour across reproductive states of freeranging female black-handed spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 124(2), 166-176.

Campbell, C. J. (2006a). Copulation in Free-Ranging Black-Handed Spider Monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). American Journal of Primatology, 68, 507-511.

Campbell, C. J. (2006b). Lethal intragroup aggression in adult male spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). American Journal of Primatology, 68(12), 1197-1201.

Campbell, C. J. (2007). Primate sexuality and reproduction. In C. J. Campbell, A. F.

Fuentes, K. C. MacKinnon, M. Panger & S. Bearder (Eds.), Primates in Perspective (pp. 423-437). New York: Oxford University Press.

Campbell, C. J., & Gibson, K. N. (2008). Spider monkey reproduction and sexual behavior. In C. J. Campbell (Ed.), Spider monkeys: Behavior, ecology and evolution of the genus Ateles. (pp. 266-287). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge

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Campbell, C. J., Shideler, S. E., Todd, H. E., & Lasley, B. A. (2001). Fecal analysis of ovarian cycles in female black handed spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi).

American Journal of Primatology, 54(2), 79-89.

Carder, G., & Semple, S. (2008). Visitor effects on anxiety in two captive groups of western lowland gorillas. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 115(3-4), 211Carlson, F. (2006). European studbook for the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) Western chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) Volume II, common chimpanzee ESB (Pan troglodytes) volume I.

Carlstead, K. (1996). Effects of captivity on the behaviour of wild mammals. In D.

G. Kleiman, M. E. Allen, K. V. Thompson & S. Lumpkin (Eds.), Wild mammals in captivity: Principles and techniques. (pp. 317-333). London: The University of Chicago Press.

Carlstead, K., Fraser, J., Bennett, C., & Kleiman, D. G. (1999). Black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) in US zoos: II. Behaviour, breeding success and mortality in relation to housing facilities. Zoo Biology, 18(1), 35-52.

Carlstead, K., & Seidensticker, J. (1991). Seasonal variation in stereotypic pacing in an American black bear Ursus americanus. Behavioural Processes, 25, 155Carlstead, K., & Shepherdson, D. (2000). Alleviating stress in zoo animals with environmental enrichment. In G. Moberg & J. Mench (Eds.), The biology of animal stress: Basic principles and implications for animal welfare (pp. 337Wallingford, UK: CABI international.

Cavigelli, S. (1999). Behavioural patterns associated with faecal cortisol levels in free-ranging female ring-tailed lemurs, Lemur catta. Animal Behaviour, 57, 935–944.

Cavigelli, S., Dubovick, T., Levash, W., Jolly, A., & Pitts, A. (2003). Female dominance status and fecal corticoids in a cooperative breeder with low reproductive skew: ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta). Hormones and

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Cavigelli, S., & Pereira, M. E. (2000). Mating season aggression and fecal testosterone levels in male ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta). Hormones and

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Caws, C., & Aureli, F. (2003). Chimpanzees cope with temporary reduction of escape opportunities. International Journal of Primatology, 24(5), 1077Caws, C., Wehnelt, S., & Aureli, F. (2008). The effect of a new vertical structure in mitigating aggressive behaviour in a large group of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Animal Welfare, 17(2), 149-154.

Challis, J. R. G., Davies, I. J., Benirschke, K., Hendrickx, A. G., & Ryan, K. J.

(1975). The effects of dexamethasone on the peripheral plasma concentrations of androstenedione, testosterone and cortisol in the pregnant rhesus monkey. Endocrinology, 96, 185–192.

Chalmers, D. J. (1995). Facing up to the problem of consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 2(3), 200-219.

Chamove, A. S., & Anderson, J. R. (1989). Examining environmental enrichment. In E. F. Segal (Ed.), Housing, care and psychological well-being of captive and laboratory primates (pp. 183-202). Park Ridge, USA: E F Noyes

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Chamove, A. S., Hosey, G. R., & Schaetzel, P. (1988). Visitors excite primates in zoos. Zoo Biology, 7(4), 359–369.

Chamove, A. S., & Moodie, E. M. (1990). Are alarming events good for captive monkeys? Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 27(1-2), 169-176.

Chapman, C. A., Fedigan, L. M., Fedigan, L., & Chapman, L. J. (1989). Postweaning resource competition and sex ratios in spider monkeys. OIKOS, 54(3), 315-319.

Chapman, C. A., Wrangham, R. W., & Chapman, L. J. (1995). Ecological constraints on group size: an analysis of spider monkey and chimpanzee subgroups.

Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 36(1), 59-70.

Clarke, A. S., & Boinski, S. (1995). Temperament in nonhuman primates. American Journal of Primatology, 37(2), 41-56.

Clarke, A. S., Czekala, M. N., & Lindburg, D. G. (1995). Behavioral and adrenocortical responses of male cynomolgus and lion-tailed macaques to social stimulation and group formation. Primates, 36, 41-56.

Clarke, A. S., & Mason, W. A. (1988). Differences among three macaque species in responsiveness to an observer. International Journal of Primatology, 9, 347Clarke, M. R., Harrison, R. M., & Didier, E. S. (1996). Behavioral, immunological, and hormonal responses associated with social change in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). American Journal of Primatology, 39(4), 223-233.

Clubb, R., & Mason, G. (2007). Natural behavioural biology as a risk factor in carnivore welfare: How analysing species differences could help zoos improve enclosures. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 102(3-4), 303-328.

Clutton-Brock, T. H., & Parker, G. A. (1995). Sexual coercion in animals. Animal Behaviour, 49, 1345-1365.

Coe, C. L., & Levine, S. (1995). Diurnal and annual variation of adrenocortical activity in the squirrel monkey. American Journal of Primatology, 35(4), 283-292.

Cohen, S., & Wills, T. A. (1985). Stress, social support and the buffering hypothesis.

Psychological Bulletin, 98, 310-357.

Coleman, M. A., Garland, T., Jr., M., C.A., Newton, S. S., Swallow, J. G., & Carter, P. A. (1998). Glucocorticoid response to forced exercise in laboratory house mice (Mus domesticus). Physiology and Behavior 63, 279-285.

Collar, N. J. (1997). Taxonomy and conservation: chicken and egg. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists Club, 117, 122-136.

Collins, A. C. (2008). The taxonomic status of spider monkeys in the twenty-first century. In C. J. Campbell (Ed.), Spider monkeys: Behavior, ecology and evolution of the genus Ateles. (pp. 50-78). Cambridge: Cambridge University

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Collins, A. C., & Dubach, J. M. (2000a). Biogeographic and ecological forces responsible for speciation in Ateles. International Journal of Primatology, 21(3), 421-444.

Collins, A. C., & Dubach, J. M. (2000b). Phylogenetic relationships among spider monkeys (Ateles): Based on mitochondrial DNA variation. International Journal of Primatology, 21(3), 381-420.

Collins, A. C., & Dubach, J. M. (2001). Nuclear DNA variation in spider monkeys (Ateles). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 19(1), 67-75.

Cook, C. J., Mellor, D. J., Harris, P. J., Ingram, J. R., & Matthews, L. R. (2000).

Hands-on and hands-off measurement of stress. In G. P. Moberg & J. A.

Mench (Eds.), The biology of animal stress: Basic principles and implications for animal welfare. (pp. 123-146). Wallingford, UK: CABI

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Cook, S., & Hosey, G. R. (1995). Interaction sequences between chimpanzees and human visitors at the zoo. Zoo Biology, 14(5), 431-440.

Creel, S. (2001). Social dominance and stress hormones. Trends in Ecology and

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Crockett, C. M., Bowers, C., Bowden, D., & Sackett, G. (1994). Sex differences incompatibility of pair-housed adult longtailed macaques. American Journal of Primatology, 32, 73–94.

Crockett, C. M., Bowers, C. L., Shimoji, M., Leu, M., Bowden, D. M., & Sackett, G.

P. (1995). Behavioral responses of longtailed macaques to different cage sizes and common laboratory experiences. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 109, 368–383.

Crockett, C. M., Shimoji, M., & Bowden, D. M. (2000). Behaviour, appetite, and urinary cortisol responses by adult female pigtailed macaques to cage size, cage level, room change, and ketamin sedation. American Journal of Primatology, 52(2), 63-80.

Cross, N., Pines, M. K., & Rogers, L. J. (2004). Saliva sampling to assess cortisol levels in unrestrained common marmosets and the effect of behavioral stress.

American Journal of Primatology, 62, 107-114.

Cuarón, A. D., Morales, A., Shedden, A., Rodriguez-Luna, E., & de Grammont, P. C.

(2008). Ateles geoffroyi. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Retrieved 07 February, 2009 Cuarón, A. D., Shedden, A., Rodríguez-Luna, E., & de Grammont, P. C. (2008).



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