«PROGRAM IN LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES NEWSLETTER LETTER FROM THE DIRECTOR 2012–13 Dear Colleagues and Friends of PLAS: 2012–13 was another great year ...»
KRISTA BRUNE ‘06 Krista Brune is currently a doctoral candidate in Luso-Brazilian literature and culture at UC Berkeley. Last summer, she traveled to Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo to begin research on her dissertation with a Tinker project on “Translating Brazil: Imagining a Misplaced and In-between Nation.” As she continues to research and write, she has been presenting her work in progress at conferences. Last May, she presented “Writing the Right to São Paulo: Graffiti and Pixação as Insurgent Aesthetics” at the LASA conference. In October, she organized a panel at the American Portuguese Studies Association conference on translation and Brazilian literature, which included her paper “O Novo Mundo in the Translation Zone.” This past May, she presented on Glauber Rocha, the mythical, and political film at LASA. Her article “Musical Nationalism for the 21st century: From Andrade’s Archive to A Barca’s Repertoire” is forthcoming in the 11th volume of ellipsis. Over the summer, she will be traveling to Lisbon and Coimbra to investigate the transatlantic connections of Hipólito da Costa and the Portuguese press. Following her research in Portugal, she will be participating in an NEH Summer Institute on the Centrality of Translation in the Humanities.
ELIZABETH SCHWALL ‘09 With the end of the 2012–13 academic year, I am celebrating my fourth reunion and diving into research for a dissertation with undeniable orange and black roots.
I graduated from Princeton in 2009 with an A.B. in history and certificates in Latin American studies and dance. Currently, I am working on a Ph.D. in Latin American history at Columbia University. My dissertation examines how dance contributed to public discourse on society, politics, and culture in Cuba from the 1950s through the 1970s, and comes directly out of my coursework, independent research, and performance experiences as an undergraduate.
While at Princeton, I broadened and deepened my engagement with dance, as the life long passion became part and parcel to my study of Latin American history. Experiences in the studio and on stage fomented this merger by compelling me to think about dance in historical terms. I performed in the re-staging of Vaslav Nijinsky’s L’Apres Midi d’un Faune (1912) and Ze’eva Cohen’s Cloud Song (1971), works that interestingly juxtaposed the past and present. Simultaneously, I took courses on Latin American history, including lectures and seminars with Professors Jeremy Adelman and Arcadio Díaz Quiñones which revised my understanding of the Western Hemisphere and encouraged me to analyze the role of the intellectual in Latin America. I began to wonder how dance and dance artists contributed to intellectual, social, and political projects in the region. Cuba struck me as a particularly compelling case study for this query as world-renowned dance artists played an active role in politics and society at home and abroad, before and after the 1959 revolution.
Building on my junior paper and senior thesis, my dissertation will analyze all types of Cuban dance and consider how this non-verbal, ephemeral form engaged with a revolution that on the one hand, championed the arts, and on the other, censored artists. For the next year and a half, I will be conducting archival research and oral histories in Cuba and the U.S.
Photo courtesy of Jeremy Adelman, Albert O. Hirschman in Recife, 1960 took him to Paris, where he joined the swelling numbers of refugees – Russian Mensheviks, Italian socialists, German communists. In Paris, and later at the London School of Economics and the University of Trieste, he learned economics. Perhaps taught himself economics is more correct.
Either way, from the start, he concocted a unique blend from reading classics like Adam Smith and Karl Marx, French debates about balance of payments, and Italian concerns about industrial production. It was against the backdrop of the Depression and the concern with the causes and solutions to mass unemployment and the spread of economic autarky and imperialism that he made his first forays into the discipline. There is a sense that he was, from the start, uncompelled by orthodoxies of all sorts. While in London, Keynes published his monumental General Theory.
His detractors, Lionel Robbins and Friedrich Hayek, were towering figures at the LSE. And yet, Hirschman could not get too excited about rival grand theoretical claims. His quarry lay elsewhere: how to fathom the underlying roots of Europe’s economic turmoil, concerns that would lead him eventually to the instabilities and disequilibrium of the development process more generally.
More than the Depression shaped him. So too did the political crisis that metastasized across Europe. Paris was a hub of intrigue for a continental diaspora. Hirschman soon found himself moving away from the German socialists and communists to which he had affiliated, to drift into an Italian circle much less concerned with getting the ideological diagnosis “correct” than changing history through action. Especially under the spell of his future brother-in-law, Eugenio Colorni, whose philosophical and political heterodoxy was a model, Hirschman became much more eclectic in his reading – Colorni impressed Montaigne and the beauty of the essay genre upon his relative – and open in his politics.
No sooner did Generalissimo Franco rebel against the Republican government in Madrid than Italians in Paris began to organize the first volunteers. Hirschman was among them. Within weeks of the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, he was in Barcelona. There he stayed, fought, and was wounded on the Aragonese front; when the Communist Party sought to assert control over militiamen, anarchists, and motley progressives, Hirschman, appalled by the same spirit of intransigence he’d seen in the waning days of the Weimar Republic, left for Italy to participate in a new front of the continent-wide struggle. Mussolini’s 1938 anti-Semitic decrees cut short the sojourn in Italy, though not before Hirschman got his Ph.D. from the University of Trieste. Once again, a flight to Paris.
War ricocheted so many people around the world. Unique about Hirschman’s mobility was that it was tied to being a professional volunteer in other peoples’ armies, not as a mercenary but as a loyalist to a cause. For one of the great theorists of human responses to organizational decline,
In 2013, PLAS launched the Global Collaborative Network “Race and Citizenship in the Americas” (RACA), part of a larger internationalization initiative led by Princeton University and the University of São Paulo (USP). This new research network examines the social significance of Brazilian critical race debates and their portability between Brazil, the Caribbean, and the United States—including how ideas of race, citizenship, and progress have historically migrated to Brazil; which notions of human rights and social justice inform contemporary race-based activism and jurisprudence; and how minor race theories (or everyday racial theorizing) relate to social and economic mobility today.
At the opening colloquium entitled Race and Citizenship, Then and Now on February 22–23, 2013, Professors Pedro Meira Monteiro (Spanish and Portuguese Languages and Cultures) and João Professor Bruno Carvalho Biehl (Anthropology) brought colleagues from various Brazilian academic institutions together with faculty members from Princeton who have worked on race and citizenship. The opening session, “Reflections on Mestiçagem/Mestizaje and Race in Critical Theory,” featured talks by Arcadio Díaz Quiñones (emeritus, Spanish and Portuguese Languages and Cultures), Serge Gruzinski (École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales and visiting professor with Spanish and Portuguese Languages and Cultures), and Deborah Thomas (University of Pennsylvania). Serving as discussants were RACA network’s principal investigators from the University of São Paulo, Lilia Moritz Schwarcz (also a Princeton Global Scholar with the History Department and PLAS) and Antonio Sérgio Guimarães (a sociologist and former PLAS fellow). Additional round tables examined topics such as post-abolition Brazil, post-Lula era debates on race and inequality in the country, representations of race in the arts, and historical perspectives on race and gender, using Cuba and South Africa as comparative references. The weekend’s closing panel brought together the principal investigators Meira Monteiro, Professor Arcadio Díaz Quiñones Biehl, Schwarcz, and Guimarães, as well as Princeton’s Edward Telles (Sociology) and USP’s Nadya Guimarães (a sociologist and former PLAS fellow), for a concluding discussion about possibilities and future challenges regarding the debate on race and citizenship in Brazil and beyond.
With a strong comparative component, broad geographic reference, and a clear interdisciplinary perspective, the RACA network includes undergraduate and graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and professors from various institutions. Several students and scholars from Brazil, sponsored in part by RACA, spent the spring semester of 2013 at Princeton. Also as part of the RACA network activities, Pedro Meira Monteiro, Bruno Carvalho (Spanish and Portuguese Languages and Cultures) and Edward Telles (Sociology) jointly organized the spring “Brazil Seminar” lunch series, which brought a specialist on Brazil to campus every Monday to present work related to race and citizenship, featuring Princeton professors as discussants. Lecture topics ranged from music to economy, photography Professors Pedro Meira Monteiro (l) to literature, and urbanization to intellectual history. and Edward Telles (r) RACA also co-sponsored lectures with the departments of Sociology and Anthropology, including a lecture by Anthropologist Federico Neiburg from the Museu Nacional. It additionally partnered with the Woodrow Wilson School, PLAS, and the Program in Law and Public Affairs to bring the President of the Brazilian Supreme Court Joaquim Barbosa to Princeton for a lecture entitled “Facing Constitutional Justice in Brazil,” featuring incoming Princeton President Christopher Eisgruber as a discussant.
Additionally, RACA partially funded several graduate students from USP who came to Princeton as Visiting Student Research Collaborators, hosted by the departments of Sociology and Spanish and Portuguese Languages and Cultures, and PLAS. At the University of São Paulo, RACA collaborated with the departments of sociology and anthropology, as well as with USP’s own Institute for Advanced Professor Maria Helena Machado Photos by Flora Thomson-DeVeaux ‘13 Study, and offered workshops by Princeton’s Edward Telles, Rachel Price (Spanish and Portuguese Languages and Cultures) and Nick Nesbitt (French and Italian), who each spent one week in São Paulo, in close dialogue with students and professors from USP.
Funded by the Council for International Teaching and Research at Princeton University and by the University of São Paulo, the RACA network will continue until 2015. Next year, a colloquium on health and the history of cities will take place at Princeton in February. There will be further workshops and seminar series in both the United States and Brazil, as well as a final symposium in São Paulo in 2015. To learn more, visit the RACA network’s new website (www.raceandcitizenship.com), which contains video footage and materials from this year’s conferences and workshops. In the future, the site will also include unpublished essays, links to additional research resources, a public discussion forum, and full details about RACA’s upcoming events.
Professors João Biehl (l) and James Green (r) WWW.PRINCETON.EDU/PLAS
GRADUATE STUDENT CONFERENCE IN MEXICO CITY
BY MIGUEL CABALLEROOn May 27-28, 2013 Laboratorio de vanguardias de la Universidad de Princeton was held at Casa Refugio Citlaltépetl, in Mexico City. Hosted by Philippe Ollé-Laprune and presented by professor Rubén Gallo, this laboratory was a platform for a group of nine Princeton Ph.D. students to discuss their research in process on Latin American and Iberian avant-gardes with writers, artists, and an academic and nonacademic audience. The works covered a broad range of artistic manifestations from different countries of the Luso-Hispanic world and a vast time frame encompassing the historical avant-gardes to contemporary artistic projects.
The idea of holding a laboratory was born out of the Seminar in Modern Spanish-American Literature: Avant-Garde, Media, and Modernity (SPA 548/MOD 548), taught by professor Gallo in fall 2012. In Mexico, the students presented advanced versions of the papers written for this seminar, structured From left, clockwise: Ana Fernández Cearound four main topics: militancy, politics and public art; city and utopia; debates on modernity; and brián, Liz Hochberg, Sarah Town, Pablo montage, assembly, and collage.
Domínguez Galbraith, Gerardo Muñoz, Jorge Gerardo Muñoz talked on politics of theatricality in Cuba; Liz Hochberg on the relation between Quintana, Miguel Caballero, Jennifer Rodrísocialist realism and avant-garde in the Chilean writer Nicomedes Guzmán; Jorge Quintana on Estri- guez, Marcelo Diego. Photo by Rudolf Agnite.
dentópolis, the utopian city imagined by the Estridentistas in post-revolutionary Mexico; Miguel Caballero on architectural avant-gardes during the Spanish Civil War; Sarah Town on the ballet H.P., by the Mexican composer and choreographer Carlos Chávez; Jennifer Rodríguez on the Dominican writer Ricardo Pérez-Alfonseca; Ana Fernández Cebrián on the radio programs, writings, and drawings by the Spanish Ramón Gómez de la Serna; Pablo Domínguez Galbraith on the technological amphibious SEFT-1 and the railway in Mexico; and Marcelo Diego on the montage in the poetry and photography by the Brazilian Jorge da Lima.
The students enjoyed a stimulating conversation with the audience, were individually interviewed by the TV network Canal 22, and also found time to enjoy Mexico City.