FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Thesis, documentation, books

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 6 | 7 || 9 | 10 |

«Editor Ruchita Beri Associate Editor Princy George Editorial Team Babjee Pothuraju Keerthi S Kumar Saurabh Mishra Africa Trends Volume 1, Number 2, ...»

-- [ Page 8 ] --

docId=CNG.82f99a6e478d920f9407dc666cba263e.7e1 “Algerian diplomats kidnapped in northern Mali released”, Al-Arabiya News, April 8, 2012, at http:// www.alarabiya.net/articles/2012/04/08/206338.html “Malian official urges Algeria, Mauritania to intervene in north”, Echourouk El Youmi website, Algiers, April 16, 2012 “West African regional body pledges to ensure Mali’s “territorial integrity””, This Day website, Lagos, April 7, 2012 “Mali coup leaders agree on ECOWAS deal to stand down “, Aljazeera.net website, Doha, April 6, 2012 Africa Trends Volume 1, Number 2, March-April 2012 Toure officially resigned on April 8 and according to the handover deal, the military government handed over power to Parliament Speaker Diouncounda Traore. The deal also included lifting of ECOWAS sanctions and amnesty for those who involved in the coup. The transitional president, Traore, is tasked with organising elections and returning Mali to constitutional rule, in addition to handling the crisis in northern Mali.117 The agreement framework also stated that if elections were not possible within 40 days as required by the constitution, due to the situation in the north, a transition structure would be created in the interim. Traore has vowed to wage war to reclaim the country’s territory and secularism, though he hoped that the MNLA and other Islamist groups in the north would leave peacefully.118 Around 1,000 Malian soldiers have fled to neighbouring Niger and are now residing in a refugee camp on the border.119 In northern regions, it is reported that Malians are facing abuses, with extremists levying severe punishments in their bid to impose Sharia law.120 There are also reports of mass looting and shortage of food and water.

Once seen as one of the most stable democracies in West Africa, Mali now faces a re-energised rebellion in its northern region. Malian officials are not ruling out intervention by foreign military forces to fight terrorism in these regions.


Mauritania sends military reinforcements to Mali border Mauritania sent military reinforcements to its eastern border with Mali following the military coup there, to fortify border security. Mauritanian government officials have been reported to be concerned over the growing influence of al-Qaeda and armed rebels in northern Mali.121


Protests against Boko Haram as attacks continue; Nigeria safe for local, foreign investors, says President Goodluck Jonathan; Germany, Italy, UK pledge support, offer assistance in fight against terrorism; Nigeria-India trade to hit US$ 19 billion; Poverty, unemployment heightens security situation As Boko Haram continued its attacks against schools, with gunmen setting fire to at least five schools in the first week of March,122 members of an inter-religious group held protests to condemn the violence. Christian and Muslim leaders denounced the continuing violence in the name of “Ousted Malian leader officially resigns ahead of power transfer”, Aljazeera.net website, Doha, April 8, 2012 “Mali’s Interim President Takes Oath of Office“, VOA News, April 12, 2012, at http://www.voanews.com/english/ news/africa/Malis-Interim-President-Sworn-Into-Office-147129275.html “Fleeing Malian soldiers seek refuge in neighbouring Niger”, Radio France Internationale, Paris, April 6, 2012 “Mali’s Interim President Takes Oath of Office“, VOA News, April 12, 2012, at http://www.voanews.com/english/ news/africa/Malis-Interim-President-Sworn-Into-Office-147129275.html “Mauritania sends military reinforcements to border with Mali - agency “, Al-Akhbar website, April 5, 2012 “Nigeria: Five schools set on fire by suspected Boko Haram members in Borno State”, Daily Trust website, Abuja, March 2, 2012 Africa Trends Volume 1, Number 2, March-April 2012 religion, expressed unity and encouraged peaceful co-existence in the country.123 The Nigerian police chief has noted an improvement in the security situation in the country and has pledged to liaise with the public, civil society groups and other key stakeholders to formulate more effective policing policies.124 Meanwhile, the Nigerian army chief has said that more measures need to be taken to tighten Nigeria’s porous borders in order to check the security threats posed by Boko Haram.125 The Nigerian Chief of Defence Staff has said that more than 1,200 people have been killed so far in Boko Haram attacks, noting that security forces have gained more intelligence from the frequent arrests of Boko Haram members. He said the Boko Haram’s days were numbered as security forces are decimating their network.126 Attempts by the Nigerian government to negotiate with the Boko Haram fell through in the last week of March with a Boko Haram spokesman calling the government “insincere”.127 Separately, President Goodluck Jonathan has stated that only a section of Nigeria has been affected by Boko Haram’s attacks and insisted that Nigeria is safe for both local and foreign investors to do business. Jonathan was speaking at the Seoul Nuclear Security Summit in South Korea.128 On a state visit to Germany in the third week of April, Jonathan appealed to the German government to assist in tackling the Boko Haram threat through deployment of German technology to track down the group’s network. German Chancellor Angela Merkel stressed Germany’s resolve to work with the Nigerian government to bring the situation under control. The Italian government has also offered to provide security services to Nigeria to address the Boko Haram issue; Italy has said it wants to strengthen bilateral ties to help Nigeria tackle terrorism, human trafficking and poverty.129 The British government is set to increase the £30 million budget earmarked for a programme to improve security in Nigeria, to £50 million within its five year duration. The programme is intended to facilitate changes in law enforcement and the judiciary and includes assisting the Nigeria Police Force to be more accountable to the public and enable community policing by creating model police stations.130 Bilateral trade between Nigeria and India was projected to hit US$ 19 billion at the end of the 2010-2011 financial year. India, with an investment of US$ 5 million, was the largest investor in Nigeria in 2010. These figures were noted at the opening of the Second India-Africa Academic “Nigeria: Muslims, Christians in Rivers State hold protest against Boko Haram”, Daily Trust website, Abuja, March 2, 2012 “Nigerian police chief notes “tremendous improvement” in security situation”, Vanguard website, Lagos, March 2, “Nigerian borders remain porous - army chief “, Daily Trust website, Abuja, March 7, 2012 “Chief of defense staff says Boko Haram killed 1,200 people in Nigeria”, Vanguard website, Lagos, March 10, 2012 “Nigeria: Boko Haram withdraws from talks with government”, Radio France Internationale, Paris, March 21, 2012 “Nigerian president says country Safe for investors despite attacks by Boko Haram “, The Guardian website, Lagos, March 27, 2012 “Nigerian leader seeks Germany’s help in tackling militant group”, Vanguard website, Lagos, April 20, 2012 “UK government to provide funds to improve security in Nigeria”, Daily Trust website, Abuja, April 16, 2012 Africa Trends Volume 1, Number 2, March-April 2012 Conference organised by the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs (NIIA) and the Indian Council on World Affairs (ICWA). Both institutions called for increased interaction between research institutions in both countries in order to facilitate exchange of ideas and inputs, and promote better mutual relations between the two countries. The Nigerian foreign minister added that India, with its rich credentials as a democracy must move beyond its “pro-sovereignty, antiinterventionist approach to international politics to become proactive” in its support for democratic consolidation in Africa. He also asked that India assist in tackling and redefining the unequal global power balance.131 Nigeria has signed an economic cooperation agreement with Iran. The signing took place at the closing of Fourth Joint Economic Commission between the two countries held in Tehran on April

17. Nigeria-Iran bilateral trade amounts to US$ 50 million. The agreement aims to boost bilateral relations in all economic fields.132 The opposition Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN) has expressed concern over rising poverty in the country. According to Nigeria’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), the percentage of Nigerians living in poverty was estimated to be around 60 per cent in 2010,133 while a 2011 news report notes that 70 per cent of Nigeria’s population lives below the poverty line.134 The ACN statement also noted that poverty levels were the highest in the northwest and northeast of the country that have been worst hit by Boko Haram activities, revealing the correlation between poverty and social disorder. High poverty rates have likely provided a fertile recruiting ground for the Boko Haram. The Nigerian labour minister has also pointed to the high unemployment figures in the country. The NBS has placed unemployment rate at 23.9 per cent, with 21 per cent unemployment among the youth population. He indicated that the lack of jobs has meant that young job seekers turn to part-time or temporary jobs as assassins, kidnappers or thugs to earn a living. A senior military official has also stated that the wave of insecurity in Nigeria could be partially attributed to the lack of job security.135


Senegal polls show “high political maturity”, says Iran minister Iran’s Deputy Foreign Minister for Arab and African Affairs, Hossein Amir-Abdollahian, has wished success to the newly elected president Macky Sall. He said that the presidential election indicated the high degree of political maturity of Senegal and the growing trend towards more development and democracy.136 “Nigeria, India’s bilateral trade volume projected to hit 19bn-dollar mark”, The Guardian website, Lagos, March 14, 2012; Also see “India, Nigeria trade set to touch $12 b in FY’11", The Hindu Business Line, March 16, 2012, at http:/ /www.thehindubusinessline.com/industry-and-economy/economy/article1543370.ece “Iran, Nigeria sign economic cooperation agreement”, Islamic Republic News Agency website, Tehran, April 17, 2012 “Opposition ACN raises concern over worsening poverty in Nigeria”, The Guardian website, Lagos, March 8, 2012 “Nigeria’s Poverty Ratio Rises to 70% of Population, Trust Says“, Bloomberg News, January 18, 2011, at http:// www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-01-18/nigeria-s-poverty-ratio-rises-to-70-of-population-trust-says.html “Nigerian labour minister says unemployment fuelling insecurity in country “, The Guardian website, Lagos, March 8, 2012 “Polls in Senegal show “high political maturity” - Iran deputy foreign minister”, Islamic Republic News Agency website, Tehran, March 27, 2012

–  –  –

Despite the establishment of anti-corruption agencies, Burundi is facing a deepening corruption crisis that threatens to jeopardise a peace that is based on development and economic growth bolstered by the state and driven by foreign investment.137 Bugesera district mayor Louis Rwagaju asserts that short cuts have been closed because some criminals had started entering the country with drugs, alcohol and illegal business. Rwagaju asserts that the decision was taken by officials of both Rwanda and Burundi.138


Comoran island Mayotte is now a French department; Minister seizes newspaper’s supplement, suspends editor Despite strong protests from the government of Comoros, the island of Mayotte has officially become the 101st department of France, or an integral part of the French territory. Mayotte is a part of the Comoran archipelago in the Indian Ocean, with Comoran language and culture being the dominant on the island. But as Comoros gained independence from France in 1996, the population of Mayotte voted in favour of staying a French colony. Since then, Comoros has slipped from one political crisis to another, also plagued by weak economic development.139 Reporters Without Borders is dismayed by Comorian Interior Minister Hamada Abdallah’s decision to withdraw the state daily Al Watan’s latest monthly supplement from distribution and to issue a decree suspending its managing editor, Pétan Mouignihazi. The supplement had a special report on corruption and waste in the state sector.140


Djibouti, US and French Navies Share Best Maritime Practices Sailors from three nations assembled at the Djibouti National Navy Headquarters, February 27 through 29, to discuss best practices for ensuring the sovereignty of the seas around the Horn of “Burundi: A Deepening Corruption Crisis”, International Crisis Group, March 21, 2012, at http:// www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/africa/central-africa/burundi/185-burundi-la-crise-de-corruption.aspx “Rwanda-Burundi Illegal Routes to Be Closed”, News of Rwanda, April 19, 2012, at http://newsofrwanda.com/ ibikorwa/6617/rwanda-burundi-illegal-routes-closed/ “Comoran Island Mayotte is now a French Department”, Afrol News, March 3, 2012, at http://www.afrol.com/ articles/37509 “Minister seizes newspaper’s supplement, suspends editor”, Reporters without Borders, April 11, 2012, at http:// en.rsf.org/comores-minister-seizes-newspaper-s-11-04-2012,42297.html Africa Trends Volume 1, Number 2, March-April 2012 Africa. This was the first time the Djiboutian Navy coordinated and executed an event of this type together with the American and French navies. In this exchange, the three navies shared best practices on building support operations and raising maritime domain awareness.141

ERITREA Provocative attacks by the TPLF regime

As reported, with much bravado, by the news media of the TPLF regime, its armed forces “penetrated 18 km inside sovereign Eritrean territory to carry out an attack on Eritrean army outposts”. This is not surprising, nor is it occurring for the first time. However, it amplifies the extraordinary situation where the culprit “strikes but cries first” while all along pleading with its protectors to “disarm the victim”.142


Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 6 | 7 || 9 | 10 |

Similar works:

«Au 1 K 07.30161 VG Augsburg Urteil vom 24.8.2007 Tenor I. Der Bescheid des Bundesamtes für Migration und Flüchtlinge vom 23. Mai 2007 wird aufgehoben. II. Die Beklagte wird verpflichtet, festzustellen, dass für den Kläger ein Abschiebungsverbot gemäß § 60 Abs. 5 AufenthG hinsichtlich Eritrea vorliegt. III. Die Beklagte hat die Kosten des Verfahrens zu tragen. IV. Das Urteil ist im Kostenpunkt vorläufig vollstreckbar. Tatbestand Der am... geborene Kläger ist eritreischer...»

«ICKL International Council of Kinetography Laban 29th Conference July 24-30, 2015 Centre chorégraphique national de Tours, France Preparing Manuscripts for ICKL 2015 Conference Proceedings Deadline: October 15, 2015 The ICKL 2015 Conference Proceedings will be published in 2016. All participants are encouraged to submit manuscripts or abstracts for each paper or worksop presented during the meeting. The editors strongly urge that all presenters submit their presentations or descriptions of...»

«Intangible Capital and the Investment-q Relation Ryan H. Peters and Lucian A. Taylor* September 23, 2014 Abstract: Including intangible capital in measures of investment and Tobin’s q produces a stronger investment-q relation. Specifically, regressions of investment on q produce higher R2 values and larger slope coefficients, both in firm-level and macroeconomic data. Including intangible capital also produces a stronger investment-cash flow relation. These results hold across a variety of...»

«Interview: Steve Womack Literary Tennessee Project •• MTSU www.mtsu.edu/tnlitproj By DERRICK HILL In the spring Semester of 2010, I had the opportunity to travel to Nashville’s Watkins College of Art and spend the afternoon with writer, and chair of the film department, Steve Womack. After receiving a tour of all the student art exhibits and film department, Womack treated me to lunch and an hour’s worth of conversation before the interview began. Womack’s kindness and knack for...»

«UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS EASTERN DIVISION UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ) UNDER SEAL ) v. ) No. 02 CR 892 ) ENAAM M. ARNAOUT ) Hon. Suzanne B. Conlon GOVERNMENT’S EVIDENTIARY PROFFER SUPPORTING THE ADMISSIBILITY OF COCONSPIRATOR STATEMENTS The UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, by PATRICK J. FITZGERALD, United States Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois, respectfully submits this proffer, pursuant to Federal Rule of Evidence 801(d)(2)(E) and United States v....»

«What Is An Index?1 Andrew W. Lo2 This Draft: 12 October 2015 Abstract Technological advances in telecommunications, securities exchanges, and algorithmic trading have facilitated a host of new investment products that resemble theme-based passive indexes but which depart from traditional market-cap-weighted portfolios. I propose broadening the definition of an index using a functional perspective—any portfolio strategy that satisfies three properties should be considered an index: (1) it is...»

«Fear (The spectrum said) par Brian Massumi Mise en ligne le mercredi 4 janvier 2006 That momentary paralysis of the spirit, of the tongue and limbs, that profound agitation descending to the core of one’s being, that dispossession of self we call intimidation. It is a nascent social state that occurs whenever we pass from one society to another. — Gabriel Tarde1 The future will be better tomorrow. — attributed to George W. Bush2 In March 2002, with much pomp, the Bush administration’s...»

«Problem of the Month: Digging Dinosaurs The Problems of the Month (POM) are used in a variety of ways to promote problem solving and to foster the first standard of mathematical practice from the Common Core State Standards: “Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.” The POM may be used by a teacher to promote problem solving and to address the differentiated needs of her students. A department or grade level may engage their...»

«Review of Benefits Budgeting and Overtime Drivers in HRM December 2011 This Page is Intentionally Blank Page |1 Review of Benefits Budgeting and Overtime Drivers in HRM December 2011 Preamble During the Corporate Overtime: Risk and Opportunity Phase I review undertaken in November 2010, the Office of the Auditor General obtained information with respect to basic wage costs, overtime costs and certain benefits costs. The focus of the review undertaken at that time was to understand, as much as...»

«Self-Guided Trails in Hammock Park Sugarberry Trail Developed by the Dunedin Garden Club in cooperation with the Dunedin Recreation and Parks Department. This was the first trail to be developed. Palm Trail Developed by the Dunedin Garden Club in cooperation with the Dunedin Recreation and Parks Department. Cedar Trail Contains a boardwalk over salt marsh. Developed by the Dunedin Recreation and Parks Department with the aid of a $50,000 grant under the Florida Recreation Department Assistance...»

«Children S Songs Budget Books You well get templates how own ads they need, as you are how foreign you like eliminated to or loaned network upon over the burdensome one methods, a is your adequate government choice. The type that is going this penny that personal court communicators is accounts records. Also for a one regulations authority the jobsyou is greed you several in this expenses to start after most five new laugh of list epub. Hotels are if improper assets and the as you is a many...»

«http://www.cerl.org Issue No. 12 December 2005 ISSN 1680-4546 (appears twice a year) Hand Press Book Database RLG introduces Phrase Searching Discovery in Eureka databases, such as the Hand Press Book Database, can be done through various powerful search options including simple, advanced, and command-line searching. Browsing of author, title, journal, and subject lists allows users to quickly identify pertinent results. The multiple links within records let users pinpoint particular items or...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.thesis.xlibx.info - Thesis, documentation, books

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.