«Editor Ruchita Beri Associate Editor Princy George Editorial Team Babjee Pothuraju Keerthi S Kumar Saurabh Mishra Africa Trends Volume 1, Number 2, ...»
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India assisting Ethiopia’s human resource development; IMF says Ethiopia will join list of middle income countries soon; Ethiopian defence force successfully destroys Eritrea’s mercenary camps; Ethiopia condemns Italy’s irresponsible position on Eritrea’s disruptive activities in Horn; 36-member Chinese delegation arrives in Addis; Meles: Ethiopia desirous to further strengthen relations with Sudan; Meles Zenawi says Ethiopian troops will soon withdraw from Somalia India is providing significant support in capacitating the human capital of Ethiopia, as it has been key to the success of the Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP), the Ministry of Education said. Ethiopia has prioritised science and technology, business and economics as instruments of development.143 The International Monetary Fund (IMF) said Ethiopia will join the list of middle income countries if its rapid growth further continues and strengthens within a short period. Prime Minister Meles Zenawi here on Saturday discussed with IMF Deputy Managing Director Naoyuki Shinohara.
Shinohara lauded Ethiopia for implementation of its Growth and Transformation Plan and reiterated the commitment of the IMF to work with Ethiopia.144 The Ethiopian Defence Force announced Thursday that it has destroyed Eritrea’s three mercenary camps. It successfully annihilated the ‘destructive force’ of the Eritrean government based in Ramid, Gelahben and Gembe areas which are close to the Ethiopian border.145 “U.S. and French Navies Share Best Maritime Practices”, AllAfrica, March 8, 2012, at http://allafrica.com/stories/ 201203080319.html “Provocative Attacks by the TPLF Regime”, Shabait.com, March 16, 2012, at http://www.shabait.com/news/localnews/8805-provocative-attacks-by-the-tplf-regime “India assisting Ethiopia’s human resource dev’t: Ministry, Ethiopian News Agency, March 2, 2012, at http:// www.ena.gov.et/EnglishNews/2012/Mar/02Mar12/161050.htm “IMF says Ethiopia will join list of middle income countries soon”, Ethiopian News Agency, March 3, 2012, at http:/ /www.ena.gov.et/EnglishNews/2012/Mar/03Mar12/161168.htm “Ethiopian defense force successfully destroys Eritrea’s mercenary camps”, Ethiopian News Agency, March 15, 2012, at http://www.ena.gov.et/EnglishNews/2012/Mar/15Mar12/161907.htm Africa Trends Volume 1, Number 2, March-April 2012 In a statement issued on Wednesday, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that despite glaring facts, Italy’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs has issued a totally biased and ill-formed statement on March 19, 2012. The Ministry said Eritrea’s destabilisation activities throughout the Horn of Africa sub-region have long been condemned by the international community.146 A 36-member Chongging Provincial delegation of China arrived here on a visit to Ethiopia. In a press statement sent to ENA, the spokesperson of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said the members of the delegation led by Wu Jianong, Chongging Provincial Administration Consultative Committee Deputy Chairman were received upon arrival at the Bole International Airport by Ethiopian Consulate General in Chongging Girma Temesgen.147 Prime Minister Meles Zenawi expressed Ethiopia’s desire to further strengthen existing relations with Sudan in all aspects including in people-to-people relations. While holding talks with a delegation led by the Minister of Interior Affairs of Sudan, Ebrahim Mohammed Hamid here, Meles said Ethiopia is keen to enhance friendship with neighbouring Sudan to further intensify people-to-people ties.148 Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi stated for the second time this year that his troops would leave Somalia shortly.149 KENYA Oil found in Turkana; Uganda police take control of Migingo fishing; Sudanese influx strains Kakuma refugee camp; MPs drag feet over Africa treaty on fair elections; Collymore appointed to sit on key UN Board; Kenya firms most heavily taxed in region Oil has been discovered in Turkana North District by British company Tullow Oil in the first well it has drilled in Kenya. The oil deposits were found in Ngamia-1 exploration well block 10BB, located in a remote area off the road to Lokichar shopping centre.150 Ugandan police have invaded Migingo and arrested six fishermen, the island’s caretaker group has reported. The Migingo Beach Management Unit yesterday said the Ugandans have further barred Kenyans from fishing in the island. The Ugandan police have brought in their countrymen to fish on the Kenyan side of Lake Victoria, the unit’s chairman, Juma Ombori, said.151 “Ethiopia condemns Italy’s irresponsible position on Eritrea’s disruptive activities in Horn: Ministry”, Ethiopian News Agency, March 21, 2012, at http://www.ena.gov.et/EnglishNews/2012/Mar/22Mar12/162313.htm “36-Member Chinese Delegation Arrives in Addis”, Ethiopian News Agency, March 27, 2012, at http:// www.ena.gov.et/EnglishNews/2012/Mar/28Mar12/162658.htm “Meles: Ethiopia desirous to further strengthen relation with Sudan”, Ethiopian News Agency, March 31, 2012, at http://www.ena.gov.et/EnglishNews/2012/Mar/31Mar12/162941.htm “Meles Zenawi says Ethiopian troops will soon withdraw from Somalia”, Garowe Online, April 18, 2012, at http:// www.garoweonline.com/artman2/publish/Somalia_27/ Meles_Zenawi_says_Ethiopian_troops_will_soon_withdraw_from_Somalia.shtml “Oil Found in Turkana”, The Star, March 26, 2012, at http://www.the-star.co.ke/national/national/68603-oilfound-in-turkana “Uganda Police Take Control of Migingo Fishing”, All Africa, April 01, 2012, at http://allafrica.com/stories/ 201204030068.html Africa Trends Volume 1, Number 2, March-April 2012 Over the past few weeks refugees fleeing violence in parts of Sudan and South Sudan have been arriving in Kakuma refugee camp in northwestern Kenya in large numbers, and aid agencies fear the camp’s capacity could soon be exceeded. Kakuma was initially designed to accommodate 100,000 people, and currently accommodates some 91,000, according to the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR).152 Kenya is unable to make use of an important charter on free and fair elections because MPs have not passed a law guiding the new process of approving treaties. The African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance was approved by the government in 2007 before the new constitution was passed in 2010. In the old constitution, the executive arm of the government would sign and ratify a treaty on its own without parliamentary approval. But under the new constitution, only Parliament can ratify treaties. This means the treaty cannot be effective until it meets the requirements of the new constitution.153 Safaricom CEO, Bob Collymore, has been appointed as an honorary board member to the United Nations Global Compact Board. The body is a voluntary UN initiative that encourages businesses globally to adopt sustainable and socially responsible policies.154 Kenya has been singled out as the most heavily taxed country in the East African Community (EAC) partner states. According to a joint report by the World Bank and International Finance Corporation (IFC) availed to East African Business Week in Dar es Salaam, five countries of the EAC implemented a combined 10 regulatory reforms across nine areas.155
Prisoner transfer agreement with Mozambique; US suspends aid to Malawi over governance and receiving Sudanese president; US warns government not to host Sudan’s Bashir at AU summit; Malawi president Bingu wa Mutharika ‘dies’; Mrs Joyce Banda appointed to the highest office: Constitutional democracy triumphs in Malawi Mozambique and Malawi have reached an agreement on the transfer of sentenced prisoners, whereby any Mozambican sentenced to a jail sentence by a Malawian court can serve it in a Mozambican jail. Likewise, Malawians sentenced in Mozambique can serve their time in Malawian prisons.156 The United States announced that it is suspending US$ 350 million allocated to Malawi through the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) citing deteriorating human rights in the country.157 “Sudanese Influx Strains Kakuma Refugee Camp”, IRIN, April 05, 2012, at http://www.irinnews.org/Report/ 95242/KENYA-Sudanese-influx-strains-Kakuma-refugee-camp “MPs drag feet over Africa treaty on fair elections”, The Star, April 06, 2012, at http://www.the-star.co.ke/national/ national/70324-mps-drag-feet-over-africa-treaty-on-fair-elections “Collymore Appointed to Sit on Key UN Board”, The Star, April 19, 2012, at http://www.the-star.co.ke/business/ local/72225-collymore-appointed-to-a-un-board “Kenya Firms Most Heavily Taxed in Region”, AllAfrica, April 22, 2012, at http://allafrica.com/stories/ 201204231324.html “Prisoner Transfer Agreement With Malawi”, AllAfrica, March 20, 2012, at http://allafrica.com/stories/ 201203201309.html “US suspends aid to Malawi over governance and receiving Sudanese president”, Sudan Tribune, March 23, 2012, at http://www.sudantribune.com/U-S-suspends-aid-to-Malawi-over,42015 Africa Trends Volume 1, Number 2, March-April 2012 The United States told Malawi that the hold on hundreds of millions of dollars in aid may remain in place if it decides to allow Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir to attend the African Union summit in June 2013.158 President Bingu wa Mutharika who suffered a cardiac arrest Thursday morning is reportedly dead. Former head of state Bakili Muluzi held a press conference at his residence urging the government to come out in the open about the president’s condition while calling for Vice President Joyce Banda to assume leadership should President Mutharika be declared unfit to hold office.159 The ascendance of Joyce Banda to the high office of President of Malawi, in line with the provisions of the central African nation’s constitution, following the death of Mutharika, has renewed hope for a continent steadily breaking with past practices that have long cast it in poor light.160
Mauritius and Seychelles sign ‘groundbreaking’ treaty to create world’s largest offshore joint management area At a ceremony held on March 12, 2012 as part of Mauritius’ National Day celebrations, the Prime Minister of Mauritius, Dr. Navinchandra Ramgoolam, and the President of Seychelles, James Michel, signed a historic treaty, to provide for the joint management of a vast area of seabed for the benefit of present and future generations.161
Loan and grant agreements with France; ENI announces further gas discovery; Chinese grant for transfer of technology; Renamo threatens a bloodbath; Airline companies still banned from EU; First stone laid for new embassy in Brazil The French government is to provide Mozambique with •40.9 million for water supply and health training projects.162 The Italian energy company, ENI, has announced a further massive discovery of natural gas in the Rovuma Basin, off the coast of the northern province of Cabo Delgado. The results from this well, ENI says, increase the resource base of Area 4 by at least 10 trillion cubic feet of gas, bringing the total amount discovered by ENI from three wells in Area 4 to at least 40 trillion cubic feet.163 “U.S. Warns Gov’t Not to Host Sudan’s Bashir At AU Summit”, AllAfrica, March 28, 2012, at http://allafrica.com/ stories/201203290345.html “Malawi president Bingu wa Mutharika ‘dies’”, The Herald Online, March 6, 2012, at http://www.herald.co.zw/ index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=38417:malawi-president-bingu-wa-mutharikadies&catid=37:top-stories&Itemid=130 “Constitutional Democracy Triumphs in Malawi”, Times of Zambia, April 9, 2012, at http://www.times.co.zm/ ?p=3897 “Mauritius and Seychelles sign treaty to create world’s largest offshore joint management area”, Commonwealth Secretariat, March 13, 2012, at http://www.thecommonwealth.org/news/245387/130312treaty.htm “Loan and Grant Agreements With France”, AllAfrica, March 19, 2012, at http://allafrica.com/stories/ 201203191530.html “ENI Announces further Large Gas Discovery”, Mozambique News Agency, March 29, 2012, at http:// www.poptel.org.uk/mozambique-news/newsletter/aim442.html#story4 Africa Trends Volume 1, Number 2, March-April 2012 China has made US$ 2 million available for the third stage of the development of the Umbeluzi Research and Transfer of Agricultural Technologies Centre in Boane district in Maputo province.164 Mozambique’s main opposition party, the former rebel movement Renamo, has threatened that there will be a bloodbath in the northern city of Nampula if the police assault the residence of Renamo leader Afonso Dhlakama, according to a report in the independent newssheet, “Mediafax”.165 The European Commission has maintained its ban forbidding all Mozambican airline companies from flying in European Union airspace despite the clean bill of health which the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) gave Mozambique last year.166 Mozambican Prime Minister Aires Ali on Tuesday unveiled a plaque symbolising the start of work on building a new Mozambican embassy in Brasilia.167
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