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LEV EL the place of a qualification in the higher education sy stem. N ormally, a national hierarchy of qualifications exists. T he number of lev els of higher education qualifications v ary between countries and/ or k inds of higher education (see L E V E L I N DI C A T O R S ).
LEV EL IND ICATORS these can range from any general information on the role of the qualification to highly detailed specific statements about the nature, sk ills and competencies associated with the successful completion of parts or all of a qualification (see L E V E L ).
LISB ON RECOGNITION CONV ENTION refers to the C ouncil of E urope/ UN E S C O C onv ention on the R ecognition of Qualifications C oncerning H igher E ducation in the E uropean R egion adopted in L isbon A pril 1997.
MOD ULE a separate and coherent block of learning. P art of a modular programme of studies where the curriculum is div ided into a range of similar siz ed segments.
NARIC N ational A cademic R ecognition I nformation C entre (E uropean Union and E uropean E conomic A rea). S ome N A R I C s also hav e responsibilities for professional recognition.
PROF ESSIONAL RECOGNITION refers to the right to practise and the professional status accorded to a holder of a qualification. I n the E uropean Union recognition for professional purposes is defined as the legal act by which a competent authority in a host M ember S tate recognises that the qualifications obtained by an applicant in another M ember S tate are suitable for the pursuit on its territory of a professional activ ity whose practice is legally regulated (see R E G UL A T E D P R O FE S S I O N, DE J UR E
R E C O G N I T I O N, DE FA C T O R E C O G N I T I O N and R E C O G N I T I O N ).PROGRAMME OF STUD Y a set of courses, the v arious components of which complement and build on each other in order to prov ide the student with a higher education qualification (see H I G H E R E DUC A T I O N, H I G H E R E DUC A T I O N I N S T I T UT I O N and C O UR S E ). ‘ P rogramme’ also deI nfo rm atio nen der E U notes the academic fields of study and requirements that collectiv ely define the qualification (see FI E L D O F S T UDY ).
Q UALIF ICATION i) higher education qualification: any degree, diploma or other certificate issued by a competent authority attesting the successful completion of a higher education programme; ii) qualification giv ing access to higher education: any diploma or other certificate issued by a competent authority attesting the successful completion of an education programme and giv ing the holder of the qualification the right to be considered for admission to higher education (see H I G H E R E DUC A T I O N, H I G H E R E DUC A T I O N I N S T I T UT I O N and P R O G R A M M E O F S T UDY ). A lso termed as any higher education award giv en for the successful completion of a programme of learning; a generic term that refers to the wide v ariety of higher education qualifications at different lev els and across different countries.
Q UALITY ASSURANCE refers to the internal and external processes by which the quality of academic prov ision is maintained.
RECOGNITION a formal ack nowledgement by a competent authority of the v alue of a foreign educational qualification with a v iew to access to educational and/ or employ ment activ ities. A n assessment of indiv idual qualifications. S uch assessment may be any k ind of statement on the v alue of (in this case) a foreign qualification. R ecognition refers to a formal statement by a competent recognition authority ack nowledging the v alue of the qualification in question and indicating the consequences of this recognition for the holder of the qualification. For example a qualification may be recognised for the purposes of further study at a giv en lev el (academic recognition), or for the use of a title, or for the exercise of employ ment purposes (professional recognition) (see C O M P E T E N T
R E C O G N I T I O N A UT H O R I T Y, QUA L I FI C A T I O N, A C A DE M I C R E C O G N I T I O Nand P R O FE S S I O N A L R E C O G N I T I O N ). R ecognition can also refer to the accreditation of a higher education institution by another authority (see A C C R E DI T A T I O N ).
REGULATED PROF ESSION refers to professions whose practice is regulated in some way by law or administrativ e rules. A giv en profession may be regulated in one country and not in another (see DE J UR E R E C O G N I T I O N ).
Materialien und Arbeitshilfen 309 TRANSCRIPT an official record or break down of a student' s progress and achiev ements. M any credit-based education sy stems employ detailed transcripts that show the credits and grades for units undertak en (e. g.
E C T S T ranscript of R ecords).
V ALID ATION the process by which a recognised awarding institution j udges that a programme of study leading to a qualification is of appropriate quality and standard. T his can be a programme of its own or that of a subordinate institution (see FR A N C H I S E ).
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