FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Thesis, documentation, books

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 24 | 25 || 27 | 28 |   ...   | 57 |


-- [ Page 26 ] --

Kharas, H. (2011) 'Bringing Development into the G20: Overarching Themes', in Colin I. Bradford & Wonhyuk Lim (eds.) Global Leadership in Transition: Making the G20 More Effective and Responsive. Brookings Institution Press. pp. 214–225.

Khor, M. (2009) Reality behind the Hype of the G20 Summit. Third World Resurgence. 224 (5), 6.

Kiiver, P. (2008) The Treaty of Lisbon, the national parliaments and the principle of subsidiarity.

Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law. 15 (1), 77.

Kirton, J. (2001) 'The G20: Representativeness, Effectiveness and Leadership in Global Governance',

in J.J. Kirton et al. (eds.) Guiding Global Order. G 8 Governance in the 21sth Century. Aldershot:

Ashgate 2010. pp. 143–172.

Kirton, J. (2005) 'From G7 to G20: Capacity, Leadership and Normative Diffusion in Global Financial Governance', in International Studies Association Annual Convention. 2005 Kirton, J. (2010) The G20 and Broader Multilateral Reform.

Kjær, A. M. (2004) Governance. Wiley-Blackwell.

The G20 and Global Economic Governance: Lessons from Multilevel European Governance?

Krotz, U. & Maher, R. (2009) Europe in the New World: National Governments and the EU at the GPerspectives on Europe, Council for European Studies. 39 (26), 27.

Lamy, P. (2009) L’Union Africaine Doit Siéger au G20. Jeune Afrique. 250668.

Lenaerts, K. & Nuffel, P. V. (2011) European Union Law. London: Sweet & Maxwell.

Louis, J. V. (2008) The Lisbon Treaty: The Irish ‘No’.: National Parliaments and the Principle of Subsidiarity–Legal Options and Practical Limits. European Constitutional Law Review. 4 (03), 429–452.

Martin, P. (2011) 'The G20: From Global Crisis Responder to Global Steering Committee', in Colin I.

Bradford & Wonhyuk Lim (eds.) Global Leadership in Transition: Making the G20 More Effective and Responsive. Brookings Institution Press.

Martinez-Diaz, L. & Woods, N. (2009) The G20 – the perils and opportunities of network governance for developing countries. Global Economic Governance Programme Briefing Paper [online].

Available from: http://www.globaleconomicgovernance.org/wpcontent/uploads/G20_PolicyBrief.pdf (Accessed 5 March 2012).

Maxwell, S. (2011) 'Laying the Foundations for a Long-term G20 Work Program on Development', in Colin I. Bradford & Wonhyuk Lim (eds.) Global Leadership in Transition: Making the G20 More Effective and Responsive. Brookings Institution Press. pp. 226–250.

Met-Domestici, A. (2009) Les Parlements nationaux et le contrôle du respect du principe de subsidiarité. Revue du marche commun et de l’Union Européenne. (525), 88–96.

Monnet, J. (1976) Mémoires. Fayard.

Muchhala, B. (2009) Development-blind G20 Outcome Empowers an Unreformed IMF. Third World Resurgence. 224 (14), 15.

Münchau, W. (2011) Summitry once again proves its own irrelevance. Financial Times. 7 November.

NGO Leaders Challenge G-20 Summit to Expand Scope. Huffington Post. 9 May 2003. [online].

Available from: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/04/02/ngo-leaders-challenge-gn_182381.html.

NGO Responses To The G20 Summit, (2010), [online]. Available from:

http://www.sanctuaryasia.com/index.php?view=article&catid=122%3Aclimatechange&id=2497%3Ango-responses-to-the-g20-summit&option=com_content&Itemid=289 (Accessed 11 May 2012).

Official Website of the G20, (2012), [online]. Available from: www.g20.org.

Official Website of the Seoul Summit, (2011), [online]. Available from: http://www.seoulsummit.kr/.

Padoan, Pier Carlo (2008) Europe and Global Economic Governance. EU Diplomacy Papers 2.

Palais-Royal Initiative (2011) Reform of the International Monetary System: A Cooperative Approach for the Twenty First Century. [online]. Available from: http://globalcurrencies.org/smi/gb/telechar/news/Rapport_Camdessus-integral.pdf (Accessed 5 March 2012).

Patrick, S. (2010) 'The G20: Shifting Coalitions of Consensus Rather than Blocs', in Colin I. Bradford & Wonhyuk Lim (eds.) The new dynamics of summitry: institutional, policy and political innovations for G20 summits ; issues and essays. Korea Development Institute.

Petersmann, E.-U. (2012) 'Introduction and Overview', in Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann (ed.) Multilevel Governance of Interdependent Public Goods: Theories, Rules and Institutions for the Central Policy Challenge in the 21st Century. In this volume.

Jan Wouters and Thomas Ramopoulos

Piris, J.-C. (2010) The Lisbon Treaty: A Legal and Political Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Priollaud, F.X. & Siritzky, D. (2008) Le Traité de Lisbonne: Commentaire, Article par Article, des Nouveaux Traités Européens (TUE-TFUE). Documentation Française.

Reform blueprint gives G20 authority over IMF. 8 February, (2011), [online]. Available from:

http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/02dfb954-33af-11e0-b1edfeabdc0.html?ftcamp=rss#axzz1DSPsaNJX (Accessed 5 March 2012).

Ruffert, M. (2011) The European debt crisis and European Union law. Common Market Law Review.

48 (6), 1777–1805.

SEA (1986) European Single Act.

Se-jeong, K. (2010) Meeting shows hassle in G-20 agenda setting. Korea Times. 30 May. [online].

Available from: http://koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/special/2011/04/176_66750.html.

Smaghi, L. B. (2006) Powerless Europe: Why is the Euro Area Still a Political Dwarf?*. International Finance. 9 (2), 261–279.

Statement of G7 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors, (1999), [online]. Available from:

http://www.g8.utoronto.ca/finance/fm992509state.htm (Accessed 11 May 2012).

Suruma, Ezra (2010) It’s Time for Africa’s Voice in the G-20.

TEU (2009) Treaty on European Union, OJ 2008, C 115/13.

TFEU (2009) Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, OJ 2009, C 115/47.

The G20 Seoul Summit Leaders’ Declaration, (2010), [online]. Available from:

http://www.g20.utoronto.ca/2010/g20seoul.html (Accessed 11 May 2012).

Tindemans, L. (1976) Report on European Union (Tindemans Report) Supplement 1/76.

Treaty establishing the European Stability Mechanism, signed 11 July 2011 [online]. Available from:

http://www.european-council.europa.eu/media/582311/05-tesm2.en12.pdf (Accessed 5 March 2012).

Treaty of Lisbon- Protocol (No1) (2010) on the role of National Parliaments in the European Union OJ 2010, C 83/203.

Treaty of Lisbon - Protocol (No 2) (2010) on the application of the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality OJ 2010, C 83/206.

Treaty of Nice - Declaration 23 (2001) Treaty of Nice amending the Treaty on European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts - Declarations Adopted By The Conference - Declaration on the future of the Union OJ 2001, C 80/85. [online]. Available from: http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:12001C/DCL/23:EN:HTML (Accessed 10 May 2012).

Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the Economic and Monetary Union, (2012), [online]. Available from: http://european-council.europa.eu/media/639235/st00tscg26_en12.pdf (Accessed 5 March 2012).

Werts, J. (2008) The European Council. J. Harper publishing.

Westlake, M. & Galloway, D. (2004) The Council of the European Union. John Harper.

The G20 and Global Economic Governance: Lessons from Multilevel European Governance?

Woods, N. (2010) The G20 Leaders and Global Governance. [online]. Available from:


Woods, N. (2010) Global governance after the financial crisis: A new multilateralism or the last gasp of the great powers? Global Policy. 1 (1), 51–63.

Woods, N. (2011) 'The Impact of the G20 on Global Governance: A History and Prospective', in Colin I. Bradford & Wonhyuk Lim (eds.) Global Leadership in Transition: Making the G20 More Effective and Responsive. Brookings Institution Press.

Wouters, Jan, Odermatt, J., et al. (2011) The Lisbon Treaty and the Status of the European Union in the International Arena: The May 2011 Upgrade at the UN General Assembly. IEMed Mediterranean Yearbook. 166.

Wouters, Jan & Van Kerckhoven, S. (2011) The OECD and the G20: an ever closer relationship. The George Washington International Law Review. 43 (2), 345–375.

Wouters, Jan & Meester, B. D. (2007) The World Trade Organization: a legal and institutional analysis. Mortsel: Intersentia.

Wouters, Jan, Sterkx, S., et al. (2011) 'The International Financial Crisis, Global Financial Governance and the European Union', in Antonis Antoniadis et al. (eds.) The European Union and Global Emergencies: A Law and Policy Analysis. Hart Publishing.

Wouters, Jan & Van Kerckhoven, Sven (2012) 'Europe and the International Monetary Fund: Current Complexity and Future Directions', in Knud Erik Jorgensen & Katie Laatikainen (eds.) Handbook on the EU and International Institutions: Performance, Policy, Power.

–  –  –

The Doha Declaration Plus Ten The year 2011 represents the 10th anniversary of the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health. The anniversary is being recognized in a substantial number of forums, including with the joint participation of the Directors-General of the World Health Organization (WHO), World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and World Trade Organization (WTO) (a more detailed account of the state of play with respect to medicines in the decade since the Doha Declaration, and proposals for the future, is in Frederick M. Abbott, 2011).

The social forces that gave rise to the Doha Declaration focused attention on public health and access to medicines problems confronting large parts of the world's population. Funding for procurement and distribution of medicines, particularly to treat HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis has risen. Support has increased for research and development (R&D) on drugs and vaccines for diseases predominantly affecting individuals in developing countries. Nonetheless, major problems involving innovation and access to health care and medicines remain to be addressed, including in the more advanced economies. The economic difficulties facing the advanced industrial economies in 2008-2011 have exacerbated, and will continue to exacerbate, problems in providing essential health services as countries at all levels of development are restricting payments for government services. It is an opportune occasion to reflect on multilateral institutional mechanisms for improving global public health.

Secretariat Cooperation, Member State Game-Play During the course of the past decade cooperation has improved among the secretariats of the WHO, WIPO and WTO in the field of public health. Cooperative projects have been carried out, including those involving the establishment of technical resource centres, conducting research on technical subject matter, and trilateral support of member state negotiating exercises. This cooperative work is undertaken both formally at the request of member states, and informally among individuals working for the institutions.

When attention is turned to relationships among the member states of the three institutions, the situation in respect of public health is more problematic. Governments continue to view the alternative forums of WHO, WIPO and WTO as mechanisms for securing strategic advantage. If negotiations in one forum take a problematic turn, proposals can be made in the other forums to limit or reverse the perceived adverse impact. Some of the larger advanced industrial actors appeared disaffected with the Geneva process as a whole, and have moved the principal focus of rulemaking and enforcement efforts to bilateral and regional forums.

It should not be surprising that individuals working in multilateral institution secretariats are better able to cooperate than are country/regional governments. Governments are complex enterprises whose officials are responding to various internal and external pressures that restrict their perspective. A senior government official negotiating in Geneva might consider some new proposal to be a reasonable approach to achieving a global objective, but that official’s personal conclusion may be at * Edward Ball Eminent Scholar Professor of International Law, Florida State University College of Law.

–  –  –

odds with the perspective of important home-country constituencies. The complexity of each individual government is multiplied 150 times in the major multilateral institutions.

It is an interesting question whether the international community would be better served by according a more powerful role to the "technocrats" at institutions like WHO, WIPO and the WTO.

On one hand, there would almost certainly be greater prospects for progress in the formulation of rules-making proposals. Simply in terms of numbers, it would be easier to craft agreement among 15 or 20 technocrats than it is to establish agreement among 150 governments (or 60 actively negotiating governments). On the other hand, the "democracy deficit" and potential for undue influence/corruption loom over any suggestion to enhance the role of the technocrats.

There is no self-evident solution to promoting cooperation among governments at the multilateral level -- as witnessed by the apparent failure of the Doha Development Round. It is certainly possible that the idea of intrusive multilateral governance is not feasible because of its inherent complexity and the constant pressures toward national autonomy.

New Instruments, Multiple Forums When governments are successful in negotiating new rules in individual multilateral forums, they are nonetheless left with problems of inconsistent rules. A lack of advance planning and legal integration was a major gap in the negotiation of the Nagoya Protocol (F. M Abbott, 2010), and is bound to lead to confusion and difficulty. It is not so difficult to foresee similar cases arising from new negotiating efforts.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 24 | 25 || 27 | 28 |   ...   | 57 |

Similar works:

«Does Tax Policy Affect Executive Compensation? Evidence from Postwar Tax Reforms Carola Frydmana M.I.T Sloan School of Management, United States and Raven S. Molloyb Federal Reserve Board of Governors, United States Abstract The trends in executive pay and labor income tax rates since the 1940s suggest a high elasticity of taxable income with respect to tax policy. By contrast, the level and structure of executive compensation have been largely unresponsive to tax incentives since the 1980s....»

«01 pitts fm 3/7/03 3:05 PM Page i IN THE FLESH The Cultural Politics of Body Modification VICTORIA L. PITTS 01 pitts fm 3/7/03 3:05 PM Page ii For Joe IN THE FLESH Copyright © Victoria L. Pitts, 2003. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles or reviews. First published in 2003 by PALGRAVE MACMILLAN™ 175 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10010 and...»

«Devolution and the Limits of Tory Statecraft: The Conservatives in Coalition and Scotland and Wales Paper presented to the Political Studies Association Annual Conference Cardiff, 25-27 March 2013 Alan Convery School of Government and Public Policy University of Strathclyde McCance Building 16 Richmond Street Glasgow G1 1XQ alan.j.convery@strath.ac.uk Abstract: This paper examines the territorial statecraft of the Conservative Party in the coalition government since 2010. Using Bulpitt’s...»

«Winter 2001 Scott Davis Richard Dorf MGP 293-2: Marketing for E-Commerce OUTLINE OF CLASS ASSIGNMENTS (Subject to Change) The pages that follow contain a summary of the material we expect to cover in the class, the course assignments and the grading policy. The first section of this outline describes the requirements for the case assignments and the Internet marketing plan which will be due at the end of the quarter. Following this summary is a summary of the grading policy. The third section...»

«I. Introduction Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 11 OA, subsections 412( a) and (b) state in relevant part: (a) The secretary may from time to time make, amend, and rescind such rules, forms, and orders as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter. (b) No rule, form, or order may be made, amended, or rescinded unless the secretary finds that the action is necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the protection of investors and consistent with the purposes...»

«Student Handbook 2015-16 Information valid as of June 2015. Table of Contents Academic Expectations............................................. 18 Academic Honesty................................................ 19 Academic Progress Reports.......................................... 14 Acknowledgment..................................»

«WHO IS MACHIAVELLI? In 1954 I attended a class on Machiavelli and the Anti-Machiavellists taught by Professor Paolo Treves at the University of Florence in Italy while I was on a Fulbright Scholarship there. The chief text for that class was Meineke’s The Reason of State (or Il Ragione di Stato, in Italian). A few years later, as a Post-Doc at Yale I attended a class by Karl Deutsch on Power Politics based on this book on Cybernetics (this was before he moved to Harvard), and, of course,...»

«DEPARTMENT OF DEFENCE AND DEFENCE FORCES STRATEGY STATEMENT 2015 2017 An Roinn Cosanta Óglaigh na hÉireann DEPARTMENT OF DEFENCE DEFENCE FORCES IRELAND © 2015 copyright Department of Defence and Defence Forces Station Road, Newbridge, Co. Kildare. Tel: (045) 49 2000 Fax: (045) 49 2017 Lo Call: 1890 251 890 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENCE AND DEFENCE FORCES STRATEGY STATEMENT 2015 – 2017 Section 1: Introduction, Overview and Mandate  Introduction  Policy Context  Mandate  The Defence...»

«DRAFT – PLEASE DO NOT QUOTE WITHOUT PERMISSION Children’s relationship with a ‘non-resident parent’: exploring the interplay of feelings, material circumstances and wider social networks Gill Highet Lynn Jamieson Centre for Research on Families and Relationships University of Edinburgh WORKSHOP 6 OF THE WELLCHI NETWORK ‘The relationship between children and non-resident fathers and its impact on their quality of life 1-2 December 2006 Hosted by NOVA – Norwegian Social Research DRAFT...»

«PERCEPTIONS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS June August 1998 Volume III Number 2 THE DEMOCRATISATION PROCESS IN RUSSIA ESRA HATİPOĞLU Esra Hatipoğlu is Research Assistant at The European Union Institute of Marmara University. Transition and consolidation can be regarded as two different aspects of the democratisation process. Within this context, transition represents the time period which begins with the breakdown of the old authoritarian regime and ends with the establishment of a...»

«Stephen Edem Korbla Duadze (Autor) Land use and land cover study of the savannah ecosystem in the Upper West Region (Ghana) using remote sensing https://cuvillier.de/de/shop/publications/3006 Copyright: Cuvillier Verlag, Inhaberin Annette Jentzsch-Cuvillier, Nonnenstieg 8, 37075 Göttingen, Germany Telefon: +49 (0)551 54724-0, E-Mail: info@cuvillier.de, Website: https://cuvillier.de ABSTRAC T Land use and land cover information constitutes key environmental information for many scientific,...»

«Review Article TRANSNATIONAL CIVIL SOCIETY AND ADVOCACY IN WORLD POLITICS By RICHARD PRICE* Susan Burgerman. Moral Victories: How Activists Provoke Multilateral Action. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2001, 186 pp. Ann Marie Clark. Diplomacy of Conscience: Amnesty International and Changing Human Rights Norms. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001, 183 pp. Matthew Evangelista. Unarmed Forces: The Transnational Movement to End the Cold War. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press,...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.thesis.xlibx.info - Thesis, documentation, books

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.