FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Thesis, documentation, books

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 3 | 4 ||

«Does Enclave Deliberation Polarize Opinions? ¨ ¨¨ Kimmo Gronlund • Kaisa Herne • Maija Setala Published online: 8 February 2015 Ó The ...»

-- [ Page 5 ] --

As pointed out by theorists of deliberative democracy, all arguments should not have an equal weight in processes of public reasoning. Most notably, reasonable arguments appealing to generalizable moral principles should be powerful, whereas arguments based on attitudes such as prejudice should be ‘laundered’ in the course of deliberation (see e.g. Goodin 1986). Liberal tendencies may have been reinforced 1016 Polit Behav (2015) 37:995–1020 in the experiment because certain arguments against immigration were such that they could not be put forward or sustained in the deliberative process. The effects of preference laundering are likely to be particularly strong in an issue such as immigration where people’s basic rights are at stake. Naturally, in order to gain more conclusive support for this kind of an assumption, the experiment should be replicated (a) on different types of issues and (b) in different political contexts.

Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank participants of several conferences and workshops

for valuable comments and suggestions, most notably at the panel ‘Inequalities in Political Knowledge:

Individual and Contextual Determinants’ at the IPSA World Congress in Madrid in July 2012, at the panel ‘Racial Prejudice’ at the WPSA Annual Meeting in Los Angeles in March 2013, at the panel ‘The Effects of Interpersonal Discussion and Deliberation’ at the MPSA Annual Meeting in Chicago in April 2013, and at the panel ‘The Quality of Deliberation’ at the ECPR General Conference in Bordeaux in September

2013. We are also grateful for the comments made by Prof. Lauri Karvonen, Prof. Peter Esaiasson, Prof.

Marc Hooghe, the four anonymous referees as well as the Editors of Political Behavior. The experiment was funded by the Academy of Finland (Grant No. 251222) and the Centre of Excellence, ‘Democracy: A ˚ Citizen Perspective’ at Abo Akademi University. The authors owe a debt of gratitude to the whole team behind the implementation of the experiment, especially Staffan Himmelroos, Marina Lindell, Lauri Rapeli, Maija Karjalainen and Kim Strandberg.

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.

Appendix 1 The main items measuring attitudes on immigration

1. Finland should take more immigrants. Do you think this is a bad or a good suggestion?

2. Migration of foreigners into Finland should be restricted as long as there is unemployment in Finland. [r]

3. Do you think Finland will change into a better or a worse place to live when people from other countries move to Finland? (Questions 1–3 were presented on a scale from 0 to 10)

4. It is good for the Finnish economy that people from other countries move to Finland

5. Immigrants take away jobs from native Finns. [r]

6. Immigrants should have the same right to social security as Finns even if they are not Finnish citizens

7. The state and the municipalities use too much money to aid immigrants. [r]

8. Immigration poses a serious threat to our national originality

9. Everyone who wants to come to Finland to live and work should be allowed to do so

10. Immigration policy should primarily favor Christians instead of other religions. [r]

11. Generally speaking, immigrants adapt well into the Finnish society

12. I would be happy to have an immigrant as a co-worker

13. I would accept an immigrant as a family member

14. I would accept immigrants in my neighborhood. (Questions 3–14 were presented as a standard Likert scale with four values) [r] = Reversed coding in the sum variable

–  –  –

References Andersen, V. N., & Hansen, K. M. (2007). How deliberation makes better citizens: The Danish deliberative poll on the euro. European Journal of Political Research, 46(4), 531–556.

Asch, S. E. (1948). The doctrine of suggestion, prestige, and imitation in social psychology.

Psychological Review, 55(5), 250–276.

Delli Carpini, M. X., Cook, F. L., & Jacobs, L. R. (2004). Public deliberation, discursive participation, and citizen engagement. Annual Review of Political Science, 7, 315–344.

Dryzek, J. (2000). Deliberative democracy and beyond. Liberals, critics, contestations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Elster, J. (1998). Deliberation and constitution making. In J. Elster (Ed.), Deliberative democracy (pp.

97–122). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Farrar, C., Green, D. P., Green, J. E., Nickerson, D. W., & Shewfelt, S. (2009). Does discussion group composition affect policy preferences? Results from three randomized experiments. Political Psychology, 30(4), 615–647.

Goodin, R. E. (1986). Laundering preferences. In J. Elster & A. Hylland (Eds.), Foundations of social choice theory (pp. 132–148). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Goodin, R. E. (2000). Democratic deliberation within. Philosophy & Public Affairs, 29(1), 81–109.

Goodin, R. E., & Dryzek, J. S. (2006). Deliberative impacts: The macro-political uptake of mini-publics.

Politics & Society, 34(2), 219–244.

¨ ¨¨

Gronlund, K., Setala, M., & Herne, K. (2010). Deliberation and civic virtue: Lessons from a citizen deliberation experiment. European Political Science Review, 2(1), 95–117.

Isenberg, D. J. (1986). Group polarization: A critical review and meta-analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50(6), 1141–1151.

Jones, D. A. (2013). The polarizing effect of a partisan workplace. PS: Political Science & Politics, 46(1), 67–73.

Karjalainen, M., & Rapeli, L. (2015). Who will not deliberate? Attrition in a multi-stage citizen deliberation experiment. Quality & Quantity, 49(1), 407–422.

Karpowitz, C. F., Raphael, C., & Hammond, A. S. (2009). Deliberative democracy and inequality two cheers for enclave deliberation among the disempowered. Politics & Society, 37(4), 576–615.

Kunda, Z. (1990). The case for motivated reasoning. Psychological Bulletin, 108(3), 480–498.

Lee, E.-J. (2007). Deindividution effects on group polarization in computer-mediated communication:

The role of group identification, public-self-awareness, and perceived argument quality. Journal of Communication, 57(2), 385–403.

Luskin, R. C., Fishkin, J. S., & Jowell, R. (2002). Considered opinions: deliberative polling in Britain.

British Journal of Political Science, 32(3), 455–487.

Mansbridge, J. (1994). Using power/fighting power. Constellations, 1(1), 53–73.

Mansbridge, J., Bohman, J., Chambers, S., Estlund, S., Føllesdal, A., Fung, A., et al. (2010). The place of self-interest and the role of power in deliberative democracy. The Journal of Political Philosophy, 18(1), 64–100.

Mendelberg, T., & Karpowitz, C. (2007). How people deliberate about justice. In S. Rosenberg (Ed.), Can the people govern? (pp. 101–129). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Mercier, H., & Landemore, H. (2012). Reasoning is for arguing: Understanding the successes and failures of deliberation. Political Psychology, 33(2), 243–258.

Mutz, D. C. (2006). Hearing the other side. Deliberative versus participatory democracy. Cambridge:

Cambridge University Press.

Mutz, D. C., & Mondak, J. J. (2006). The workplace as a context for cross-cutting political discourse.

Journal of Politics, 68(1), 140–155.

Noelle-Neumann, E. (1993). The spiral of silence: Public opinion—Our social skin (2nd ed.). Chicago:

The University of Chicago Press.

Sanders, D. (2012). The effects of deliberative polling in an EU-wide experiment: Five mechanisms in search for an explanation. British Journal of Political Science, 42(3), 617–640.

Schkade, D., Sunstein, C. R., & Hastie, R. (2010). When deliberation produces extremism. Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society, 22(2–3), 227–252.

¨¨ ¨

Setala, M., Gronlund, K., & Herne, K. (2010). Citizen deliberation on nuclear power: A comparison of two decision-making methods. Political Studies, 58(4), 688–714.

1020 Polit Behav (2015) 37:995–1020

¨ ¨ Steenbergen, M. R., Bachtiger, A., Sporndli, M., & Steiner, J. (2003). Measuring political deliberation: A discourse quality index. Comparative European Politics, 1, 21–48.

Sunstein, C. (2002). The law of group polarization. The Journal of Political Philosophy, 10(2), 175–195.

Sunstein, C. (2007). Republic.com 2.0. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Sunstein, C. (2009). Going to extremes. How like minds unite and divide. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Thompson, D. F. (2008). Deliberative democratic theory and empirical political science. Annual Review of Political Science, 11, 497–520.

Torgerson, D. J., & Torgerson, C. J. (2008). Designing randomised trials in health, education and the social sciences. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 3 | 4 ||

Similar works:

«Signal & Image Processing : An International Journal (SIPIJ) Vol.4, No.3, June 2013 CONTRAST ENHANCEMENT AND BRIGHTNESS PRESERVATION USING MULTIDECOMPOSITION HISTOGRAM EQUALIZATION Sayali Nimkar, Sucheta Shrivastava and Sanal Varghese Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Atharva college of Engineering, Maharashtra, India. nimkar.sayali@gmail.com suchetashrivastava@yahoo.co.in sanalalice@gmail.com ABSTRACT Histogram Equalization (HE) has been an essential addition to the...»


«Bank Teller Interview Guide Step-by-step interview guide for job applicants applying for position of a Bank Teller From Jacob Gates, former interviewer at Bank of America, Wells Fargo and other companies Bank teller belongs to the most popular jobs in the United States. Survey conducted in the United States in September 2011 showed that in average, more than fifty people applied for every single bank teller job opening in the United States and more than thirty people applied for job with this...»

«Kinetics of the β-AlFeSi to α-Al(FeMn)Si transformation in Al-Mg-Si alloys Kinetics of the β-AlFeSi to α-Al(FeMn)Si transformation in Al-Mg-Si alloys PROEFSCHRIFT ter verkrijging van de graad van doctor aan de Technische Universiteit Delft, op gezag van de Rector Magnificus Prof. dr. ir. J.T. Fokkema, voorzitter van het College voor Promoties, in het openbaar te verdedigen op maandag 2 februari 2004 om 15.30 uur door Niels Cees Willem KUIJPERS natuurkundig ingenieur geboren te Oss Dit...»

«March 2008 ABOUT ITRC Established in 1995, the Interstate Technology & Regulatory Council (ITRC) is a state-led, national coalition of personnel from the environmental regulatory agencies of all 50 states and the District of Columbia, three federal agencies, tribes, and public and industry stakeholders. The organization is devoted to reducing barriers to, and speeding interstate deployment of, better, more cost-effective, innovative environmental techniques. ITRC operates as a committee of the...»

«6 Weeks of Run Technique (You will need a Tempo Trainer or Seiko Metronome) use 60-120 second recoveries between repeats Run Intervals: week 1: 3x’s per week 3 Running drills: Ball of foot hops with forward lean 3 x 3 Wall Drill: 3 x 20 on each leg Forward Lunge (exaggerated foot pulls on one side) 3 x 10 each 2x’s Through of: 4 x 30 sec @ 94-96 cadence 1 drill (choice) 1 x 2 min @ 91 cadence. Run Intervals: week 2: 2-3x’s per week 3 Running drills: Ball of foot hops with forward lean 3...»

«Hardware Dokumentation CX50x0 Embedded-PC Version: 1.8 Datum: 18.05.2016 Inhaltsverzeichnis Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Vorwort 1.1 Hinweise zur Dokumentation 1.2 Sicherheitshinweise 1.3 Ausgabestände der Dokumentation 2 Produktübersicht 2.1 Bestimmungsgemäße Verwendung 2.2 Systemübersicht 2.3 CX5010 Technische Daten 2.4 CX5020 Technische Daten 2.5 Ausführungen 2.6 Architekturübersicht 2.7 Batteriefach 2.8 CF-Einschub 2.9 CF-Karte 3 Sekunden USV 3.1 S-UPS:Kapazitive Sekunden-USV 3.2 Übersicht...»

«Chapter 2 Conditioning Films Hideyuki Kanematsu and Dana M. Barry Abstract Planktonic bacteria tend to move toward material surfaces in oligotrophic environments, since carbon compounds as nutrients exist there. The bacterial movement is called chemotaxis and is driven by the existence of nutrients on material surfaces. The nutrients on material surfaces are called “conditioning films”. At the beginning stage of research activities about the phenomenon, it was partly hypothetical due to a...»

«WFS709TP ProSafe Smart Wireless Switch Software Administration Manual NETGEAR, Inc. 4500 Great America Parkway Santa Clara, CA 95054 USA 202-10265-01 June 2007 © 2007 by NETGEAR, Inc. All rights reserved. Technical Support Please refer to the support information card that shipped with your product. By registering your product at http://www.netgear.com/register, we can provide you with faster expert technical support and timely notices of product and software upgrades. NETGEAR, INC. Support...»

«English Language Teaching; Vol. 8, No. 7; 2015 ISSN 1916-4742 E-ISSN 1916-4750 Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education The Development of Interview Techniques in Language Studies: Facilitating the Researchers’ Views on Interactive Encounters Young Ok Jong1 & Chae Kwan Jung2 Global Edu Reserach Institute, Global Edu Foundation, Incheon, South Korea Division of Curriculum, Korea Institute for Curriculum and Evaluation (KICE), Seoul, South Korea Correspondence: Chae Kwan Jung,...»

«Fédération Française D'Aïkido, Aïkibudo & Affinitaires 11, rue Jules Vallès 75011 PARIS Tél. : 01 43 48 22 22 Télécopie : 01 43 48 87 91 • 3615 FFAIKIDO Membre de la Fédération Internationale d'Aïkido pour la France ffaaa@aikido.com.fr PREAMBULE Vous venez d'adhérer à un club d'Aïkido affilié à la F.F.A.A.A., et, sans doute, vous posez-vous une foule de questions sur cette discipline et êtes-vous plein d'impatience à en posséder la technique. Votre professeur est là pour...»

«Application Report SLAA594A – June 2013 – Revised July 2013 Why Oversample when Undersampling can do the Job? Purnachandar Poshala ABSTRACT System designers most often tend to use ADC sampling frequency as twice the input signal frequency. As an example, for a signal with 70-MHz input signal frequency with 20-MHz signal bandwidth, system designers often use more than 140 MSPS sampling rate for ADC even though anything above 40 MSPS is sufficient as the sampling rate. Oversampling...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.thesis.xlibx.info - Thesis, documentation, books

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.